Effect of twins and non-basal planes activated by equal channel angular rolling process on properties of AZ31 magnesium alloy
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Ultrafine-grained (UFG) metallic materials because of their superior properties have received considerable research interest. Recently, severe plastic deformation (SPD) processes are widely used for refining the grain size in magnesium alloys. Equal channel angular rolling (ECAR) is a SPD process based on equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) which is carried out on large, thin sheets. After doing this process, no significant change is occurred in cross-sectional area of specimen. In this research, an AZ31 magnesium alloy was subjected to ECAR. After completing eight passes of process, significant grain refinement was occurred, and the average grain size of about 3.9 μm was achieved. The distribution of grain size becomes more limited by increasing number of passes. Rotation of basal plane and activation of non-basal and twin planes were clearly observed in X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern results. Mechanical properties were studied via tensile and hardness tests at room temperature. Tension tests indicated that better ductility due to the rotation of basal plane was achieved. Elongation-to-failure was increased from 8% of as-received material to 19% after two passes of process. Hardness values showed an increase of about 53% at eighth pass.
KeywordsMagnesium Alloy Basal Plane Severe Plastic Deformation Equal Channel Angular Pressing AZ31 Magnesium Alloy