Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 19, pp 6332–6338 | Cite as

Grafting polymers to titania nanoparticles by radical polymerization initiated by diazonium salt

  • Alice MesnageEmail author
  • Mohamed Abdel Magied
  • Pardis Simon
  • Nathalie Herlin-Boime
  • Pascale Jégou
  • Guy Deniau
  • Serge Palacin


The grafting of biocompatible poly(hydroxyethyl) methacrylate (PHEMA) by a very simple method onto titanium dioxide nanoparticles is reported. The selected grafting process is based on the chemical reduction of diazonium salts by reducing agents in presence of the vinylic monomer. As previously demonstrated on flat surfaces, it leads to strongly grafted and stable polymer films and has many advantages residing in a short one-step reaction occurring at atmospheric pressure, ambient air and room temperature in water. TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by laser pyrolysis, giving nanoparticles with controlled size and composition. The coating, the composition, the chemical structure, and the grafted PHEMA quantities of the resulting products were investigated by Transmission electron microscopy, Infrared-attenuated total reflection, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Thermogravimetric analysis. It was demonstrated that the PHEMA shell was successfully chemically grafted onto the surface of the TiO2 core without any significant influence on the morphology of the nanoparticles.


TiO2 Nanoparticles HEMA PHEMA Vinylic Monomer Diazonium Salt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice Mesnage
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed Abdel Magied
    • 1
  • Pardis Simon
    • 2
  • Nathalie Herlin-Boime
    • 2
  • Pascale Jégou
    • 1
  • Guy Deniau
    • 1
  • Serge Palacin
    • 1
  1. 1.CEA, IRAMIS, SPCSI Chemistry of Surfaces and Interfaces GroupGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.CEA, IRAMIS, SPAM-LFP, CEA-CNRS URA 2453Gif-sur-YvetteFrance

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