Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 21, pp 6871–6876 | Cite as

Construction of new morphotropic phase boundary in 0.94(K0.4−xNa0.6BaxNb1−xZrx)O3–0.06LiSbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

  • Wenfeng Liang
  • Wenjuan Wu
  • Dingquan XiaoEmail author
  • Jianguo Zhu
  • Jiagang Wu
Article

Abstract

0.94(K0.4−xNa0.6BaxNb1−xZrx)O3–0.06LiSbO3 ceramics were prepared by conventional technique, and the effect of BaZrO3 on the phase transitions, dielectric, ferroelectric, and piezoelectric properties of the ceramics were investigated. The phase transitions for the ceramics were determined by the temperature dependence of dielectric properties and X-ray diffraction patterns. BaZrO3 changes the symmetry of the ceramics from tetragonal dominant phase with x = 0–0.06 to rhombohedral phase with x = 0.07–0.09. The phase transition near room temperature for the composition with x ~ 0.06 is different from previously reported phase transition between orthorhombic and tetragonal phases. It is suggested that a new morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) is constructed with both rhombohedral–orthorhombic and orthorhombic–tetragonal phase transitions near room temperature, and the enhanced piezoelectric properties (d33 = 344 pC/N and kP = 32.4% with x = 0.06) are obtained. The results indicate that the construction of new MPB is of significance for further development of KNN-based ceramics.

Keywords

Piezoelectric Property Sb2O3 Morphotropic Phase Boundary Rhombohedral Phase LiTaO3 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study was supported by National Science Foundation of China (NSFC Nos. 50772068 and 50972095) and Foundation of Doctor Training Program in University and College in China (Nos. 20030610035 and 20080610020).

References

  1. 1.
    Saito Y, Takkao H, Tani T, Nonoyama T, Takatori K, Hommal T, Nagaya T, Nakamura M (2004) Nature 84:432Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xiao DQ, Wu JG, Wu L, Zhu JG, Yu P, Lin DM, Liao YW, Sun Y (2009) J Mater Sci 44:5408. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-3543-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rödel J, Jo W, Seifert KTP, Anton EM, Granzow T (2009) J Am Ceram Soc 92:1153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Akdogan EK, Kerman K, Abazari M, Safari A (2008) Appl Phys Lett 92:112908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tanaka D, Tsukada T, Furukawa M, Wada S, Kuroiwa Y (2009) Jpn J Appl Phys 48:09KD08Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guo YP, Kakimoto K, Ohsato H (2004) Appl Phys Lett 85:4121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Park HY, Ahn CW, Song HC, Lee JH, Nahm S, Uchino K, Lee HG, Lee HJ (2006) Appl Phys Lett 89:062906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lei C, Ye ZG (2008) Appl Phys Lett 93:042901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin DM, Kwok KW, Chan HLW (2007) J Appl Phys 102:034102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sun XY, Chen J, Yu RB, Sun C, Liu GR, Xing XR, Qiao LJ (2009) J Am Ceram Soc 92:130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang R, Xie RJ, Hanada K, Matsusaki K, Kawanaka H, Bando H, Sekiya T, Itoh M (2008) J Electroceram 21:263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu JG, Wang YY, Xiao DQ, Zhu JG, Pu ZH (2007) Appl Phys Lett 91:132914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang SJ, Xia R, Shrout TR (2007) Appl Phys Lett 91:132913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zuo RZ, Fang XS, Ye C (2007) Appl Phys Lett 90:092904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang RP, Bando H, Katsumata T, Inaguma Y, Taniguchi H, Itoh M (2009) Phys Status Solidi RRL 3:142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu JG, Xiao DQ, Wang YY, Zhu JG, Yu P (2008) J Appl Phys 103:024102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zuo RZ, Fu J, Lv DY, Liu Y (2010) J Am Ceram Soc 93:2783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang SJ, Xia R, Shrout TR (2007) J Electroceram 19:251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang W, Jin DR, Wang TT, Cheng JR (2010) Physica B 405:1918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee T, Kwok KW, Chan HLW (2008) J Phys D Appl Phys 41:155402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu WF, Ren XB (2009) Phys Rev Lett 103:257602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cox DE, Noheda B, Shirane G, Uesu Y, Fujishiro K, Yamada Y (2001) Appl Phys Lett 79:400CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenfeng Liang
    • 1
  • Wenjuan Wu
    • 1
  • Dingquan Xiao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jianguo Zhu
    • 1
  • Jiagang Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials ScienceSichuan UniversityChengduChina

Personalised recommendations