Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 17, pp 5876–5880 | Cite as

A fibre diameter distribution factor (FDDF) for natural fibre composites

  • John SummerscalesEmail author
  • Wayne Hall
  • Amandeep Singh Virk
Letter

Introduction

In its generalised form, the rule-of-mixtures (ROM) for the tensile modulus of a fibre-reinforced composite is:
$$ E_{\text{c}} = \eta_{\text{l}} \eta_{\text{o}} V_{\text{f}} E_{\text{f}} + V_{\text{m}} E_{\text{m}} $$

Keywords

Fibre Diameter Hemp Natural Fibre Jute Fibre Hemp Fibre 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Dr Stuart Lane in the School of Biomedical and Biological Sciences at University of Plymouth for advice on aspects of plant growth and ageing processes.

References

  1. 1.
    Lilholt H, Lawther JM (2000) In: Talreja R, Månson J-A (eds) Comprehensive composite materials encyclopaedia, vol 1: fiber reinforcements and general theory of composites, Chap 10. Elsevier Science, Oxford, pp 303–325. ISBN 0-08-043719-2Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Franck RR (ed) (2005) Bast and other plant fibres. CRC Press, Boca Raton. ISBN 0-8493-2597-8Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Netravali AN, Chabba S (2003) Mater Today 6(4):22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baillie C (ed) (2004) Green composites: polymer composites and the environment. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge. ISBN 1-85573-739-6Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mohanty AK, Misra M, Drzal LT (eds) (2005) Natural fibers, biopolymers, and biocomposites. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton. ISBN 0-8493-1741-XGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pickering K (ed) (2008) Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge. ISBN-13: 978 1 84569 267 4Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Summerscales J, Dissanayake N, Hall W, Virk AS (2010) Compos A 41(10):1329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Summerscales J, Dissanayake N, Hall W, Virk AS (2010) Compos A 41(10):1336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Virk AS, Hall W, Summerscales J (2009) Compo A 40(11):1764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bodros E, Baley C (2008) Mater Lett 62(14):2143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lamy B, Baley C (2000) J Mater Sci Lett 19(11):979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kroon-Battenburg LMJ, Kroon J, Northolt MG (1986) Polym Commun 27(10):290Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tashiro K, Kobayashi M (1991) Polymer 32(8):1516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Šturcová A, Davies GR, Eichhorn SJ (2005) Biomacromolecules 6(2):1055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tanaka F, Tadahisa T (2006) Cellulose 13(5):509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sakurada I, Nukushima Y, Ito T (1962) J Polym Sci 57(165):651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nishino T, Takano K, Nakamae K (1995) J Polym Sci B 33(11):1647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mark HF (1982) Encyclopedia of polymer science and technology—plastics, resins, rubbers, fibers, vol 3. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen Wei, Lickfield GC, Yang CQ (2004) Polymer 45(3):1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cousins WJ (1978) Wood Sci Technol 12(3):161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cousins WJ (1976) Wood Sci Technol 10(1):9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ruys D, Crosky A, Evans WJ (2002) Int J Mater Product Technol 17(1–2):2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vincent JFV (ed) (1982) Structural biomaterials. Macmillan Press, London and Basingstoke. ISBN 0-333-26126-7Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sanadi AR, Prasad SV, Rohatgi PK (1986) J Mater Sci 21(12):4299. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01106545 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Morvan C, Andème-Onzighi C, Girault R, Himmelsbach DS, Driouich A, Akin DE (2003) Plant Physiol Biochem 41(11–12):935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Charlet K, Jernot JP, Eve S, Gomina M, Bréard J (2010) Carbohydr Polym 82(1):54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Krenchel H (1964) Fibre reinforcement. Akademisk Forlag, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Donaldson L (2008) IAWA J (Int Assoc Wood Anat J) 29(4): 345–386. https://doi.org/www.upsc.se/documents/master/BBFPS/donaldson.pdf
  29. 29.
    Tamolong FN, Lopez FR, Casin RF, Semana JA, Espiloy ZB (1957) TAPPI J 40(8):671Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mohanty AK, Misra M, Hinrichsen G (2000) Macromol Mater Eng 276/277(1):1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Preston RD (1941) Proc R Soc B130:103Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bledzki AK, Gassan J (1999) Prog Polym Sci 24:221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Virk AS, Hall W, Summerscales J (2011) The tensile properties of jute/epoxy UD composite, in submissionGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lampitt LH, Money RW, Judge BE (1950) J Soc Chem Ind 69(2):53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Liu L, Cooke PH, Coffin DR, Fishman ML, Hicks KB (2004) J Appl Polym Sci 92(3):1893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Matsuo M, Sawatari C, Iwai Y, Ozaki F (1990) Macromolecules 23(13):3266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Northolt MG, den Decker P, Picken SJ, Baltussen JJM, Schlatmann R (2005) Adv Polym Sci 178:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Eichhorn SJ, Young RJ (2001) Cellulose 8(3):197CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Summerscales
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wayne Hall
    • 2
  • Amandeep Singh Virk
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Composites Manufacturing Centre, School of Marine Science and Engineering/Reynolds BuildingUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Griffith School of Engineering, Gold Coast CampusGriffith UniversityQueenslandAustralia

Personalised recommendations