Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 18, pp 5931–5939 | Cite as

Corrosion behavior of surface-modified titanium in a simulated body fluid

  • Julia van Drunen
  • Baodong Zhao
  • Gregory JerkiewiczEmail author


We investigate the influence of micro-sandblasting and electrochemical passivation on properties such as corrosion rate and surface roughness, which are important to the biocompatibility of titanium (Ti), using surface analysis techniques and electrochemical measurements. Results of microscopy and surface profilometry experiments reveal roughened but uniform surface topography with an average surface roughness in the 0.87–1.06 μm range, depending on the alternating current passivation voltage applied to the micro-sandblasted samples. Open circuit potential versus time measurements in Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS, a simulated body fluid) allow determination of the corrosion potential (Ecorr) and reveal a shift of Ecorr toward higher values upon passivation, thus pointing to increased corrosion stability. Corrosion rates in HBSS range between 0.049 and 0.288 μm year−1 for micro-sandblasted and passivated Ti, as compared to that for the micro-sandblasted and non-passivated surface that is 0.785 μm year−1. Results from this study demonstrate that micro-sandblasting coupled with electrochemical passivation provides a roughened surface with increased corrosion stability and a low corrosion rate in HBSS. Application of this technique to Ti in medical and dental applications may be expected to result in an improvement of biocompatibility.


Corrosion Rate Polarization Curve Simulated Body Fluid Open Circuit Potential Alternate Current 



We acknowledge the National Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada, the Canada Foundation for Innovation, Ministry of Research and Innovation of Ontario, and Queen’s University for their financial support as well as the Department of Geological Sciences for the facilities used in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia van Drunen
    • 1
  • Baodong Zhao
    • 1
  • Gregory Jerkiewicz
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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