Multiscale characterization of nanostructured Al–Si–Zr alloys obtained by rapid solidification method
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Properties of engineering metallic alloys (e.g., fracture toughness, corrosion resistance) are often limited by the presence of primary intermetallic particles which form during conventional solidification. Rapid solidification brings about much more homogenous amorphous and/or nanocrystalline structure with reduced density of primary particles. Rapidly solidified thin ribbons obtained by melt spinning are usually considered as intrinsically homogenous. However, due to different cooling conditions at the wheel surface and on the side exposed to the ambient environment, structure of such ribbons may vary significantly across its thickness. The materials studied in this study were 30–40 μm thickness ribbons of nanocrystalline hyper- and hypo-eutectic Al–Si–Zr alloys produced by melt-spinning method. Transmission electron microscopy and high resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the structure homogeneity across the ribbons. Thin foils for transmission observations were prepared by focused ion beam system. Microstructural observations confirmed nanocrystalline character of Al–Si–Zr alloys. However, these observations revealed inhomogeneity of the structure across the ribbon width.
KeywordsRapid Solidification Silicon Phase Ribbon Surface Wheel Side Average Equivalent Diameter
This study was carried out within a NANOMET project financed under the European Funds for Regional Development (Contract No. POIG.01.03.01-00-015/08).
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Open AccessThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License (https://doi.org/creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.