Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 16, pp 5371–5377 | Cite as

Highly flame retardant coating consisting of starch and amorphous sodium polyborate

  • Isao TsuyumotoEmail author
  • Yuichiro Miura
  • Masato Nirei
  • Shota Ikurumi
  • Takenori Kumagai


Mixture of starch and amorphous sodium polyborate (SPB) is found to show high flame retardancy, when its aqueous solution is deposited and dried on organic polymer materials such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) nonwoven, rigid polyurethane (RPU) foam, and polypropylene (PP) nonwoven. The PET nonwoven (10 mm thickness) and the RPU foam (10 mm thickness) coated with the mixture endure the premixed flame of butane gas burner with length of 100 mm for more than 12 min. The PP nonwoven (0.7 mm thickness) endures the nonpremixed flame with length of 65 mm in the 45 degrees Meckel burner test for more than 2 min. The backside temperatures in the both tests remain below 130 °C. The thermal analyses and the SEM observation indicate the mechanism that the SPB foam promotes the carbonization of starch and that the carbonized layer together with the SPB foam insulate inside from oxygen and heat.


Starch Foam Flame Retardant Premix Flame Weight Percent Gain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isao Tsuyumoto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuichiro Miura
    • 1
  • Masato Nirei
    • 1
  • Shota Ikurumi
    • 1
  • Takenori Kumagai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Bioscience and ChemistryKanazawa Institute of TechnologyIshikawaJapan

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