Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 15, pp 5117–5128 | Cite as

Processing of concentrated aqueous fluorapatite suspensions by slip casting

  • María P. AlbanoEmail author
  • Liliana B. Garrido


In order to produce stable aqueous fluorapatite (FA) suspensions, its surface reactivity in an aqueous solution having two initial pH values with a concentration of ammonium polyacrylate (NH4PA) was investigated as a function of time. The rheological behaviour of concentrated aqueous FA slips stabilized with NH4PA was studied; besides, the effect of poly(vinyl)alcohol (PVA) addition on the relative viscosity of the suspensions was investigated. The influence of the slip rheology on the microstructure of the resultant green slip cast compacts and their sintering behaviour were determined. Upon the FA introduction in the aqueous solutions, an initial release of F anions located at the surface was found, which was not dependent on the pH and the presence of dispersant. The increase in the initial pH of the solution above 7 and/or the addition of NH4PA markedly reduced the Ca++/H+ exchange reaction rate. As a result, well-stabilized concentrated aqueous suspensions could be obtained at pH close to 9. The minimum viscosity of 40 vol.% slips at pH 8.9 occurred at 0.6 wt% of NH4PA added. The addition of 0.5 wt% PVA to a well-stabilized FA slip caused aggregation of particles by a depletion flocculation mechanism, thereby increasing the slip viscosity. The greater permeability of cakes produced from slips with high viscosity values (0.5 wt% PVA) increased the casting rate. The highest sintered densities were obtained for the compacts prepared from the slips without PVA, due to the denser particle packing achieved in the green bodies.


Shear Rate Relative Viscosity Fluorapatite Casting Rate Anionic Polyelectrolyte 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Tecnología de Recursos Minerales y Cerámica (CETMIC)Provincia de Buenos AiresArgentina

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