Estimation of dynamic fatigue strengths in brittle materials under a wide range of stress rates
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This paper aims to statistically estimate the dynamic fatigue strength in brittle materials under a wide range of stress rates. First, two probabilistic models were derived on the basis of the slow crack growth (SCG) concept in conjunction with two-parameter Weibull distribution. The first model, Model I, is a conventional probabilistic delayed-fracture model based on a concept wherein the length of the critical crack growth due to SCG is enough larger than the initial crack length. For the second model, Model II, a new probabilistic model is derived on the basis of a concept wherein the critical cracks have widely ranging lengths. Next, a four-point bending test using a wide range of stress rates was performed for soda glass and alumina ceramics. We constructed fracture probability–strength–time diagrams (F–S–T diagrams) with the experimental results of both materials using both models. The F–S–T diagrams described using Model II were in good agreement with plots of the fracture strength and the fracture time of both materials more so than Model I.
KeywordsFatigue Strength Brittle Material Fracture Strength Stress Rate Fracture Probability
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