Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 14, pp 4964–4970 | Cite as

Effect of additives on the morphology of single-crystal Au nanosheet synthesized using the polyol process

  • Jinting JiuEmail author
  • Katsuaki Suganuma
  • Masaya Nogi


Triangular and hexagonal-shaped single-crystal Au nanosheets were prepared by the reduction of HAuCl4 with the polyol method, after addition of a polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP) capping agent and salts. Both capping agent and salts played a crucial role during nanosheet growth. The high PVP concentration was found to result in a mixed Au morphology of sheets and spherical particles, which could be tailored with the addition of salts to provide solely nanosheets. The main product is always nanosheets after the salts have been added. The selective adsorption of PVP and salt ions onto certain crystallographic facets is thought to be important in the proposed growth mechanism. This synthetic route is simple and fast, and can be extended to other morphology metal particles with careful salt and capping agent selection.


HAuCl4 3H2O Concentration Anisotropic Growth Polyol Process FeCl3 Salt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Prof. S. Isoda for helpful discussions. We thank Dr. T. Nemoto and Dr. R. Kozawa for assistance with TEM measurements. This work was part of the Development of Inverter Systems for Power Electronics project, supported by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization.


  1. 1.
    Roucoux A, Schulz J, Patin H (2002) Chem Rev 102:3757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mulvaney SP, Musick MD, Keating CD, Natan M (2003) J Langmuir 19:4784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Song Y, Medforth CJ, Pereira E, Singh AK, Xu H, Jiang Y, Brinker J, Swol FV, Shelnutt JA (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen J, Wiley BJ, Xia Y (2007) Langmuir 23:4120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bradley JS, Tesche B, Busser W, Maase M, Reetz MTA (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:4631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jin R, Cao Y, Mirkin CA, Kelly KL, Schatz GC, Zheng J (2001) Science 294:1901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen S, Carroll DL (2002) Nano Lett 2:1003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jin R, Cao Y, Hao E, Metraux GS, Schatz GC, Mirkin CA (2003) Nature 425:487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun X, Dong S, Wang E (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:6360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kim J, Cha S, Shin K, Jho JY, Lee JC (2004) Adv Mater 16:459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang L, Chen X, Zhan J, Chai Y, Yang C, Xu L, Zhuang W, Jing B (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:3189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ahmadi TS, Wang ZL, Green TC, Henglein A, El-Sayed MA (1996) Science 272:1924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sun Y, Xia Y (2002) Science 298:2176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Attard GS, Bartlett PN, Coleman NRB, Elliott JM, Owen JR, Wang JH (1997) Science 278:838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhao DY, Feng JL, Huo QS, Melosh N, Fredrickson GH, Chmelka BK, Stucky GD (1998) Science 279:548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fischer C, Heller A, Dube G (1989) Mat Res Bull 24:1271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tsuji M, Hashimoto M, Nishizawa Y, Tsuji T (2003) Chem Lett 32:1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li C, Cai W, Cao B, Sun F, Li Y, Kan C, Zhang L (2006) Adv Funct Mater 16:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Willey B, Sun Y, Xia Y (2005) Langmuir 21:8077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Willey B, Herricks T, Sun Y, Xia Y (2004) Nano Lett 4:1733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jiu J, Murai K, Kim D, Kim K, Suganuma K (2009) Mater Chem Phys 114:333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chen J, Herricks T, Geissler M, Xia Y (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:10854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tetsuya K (2008) Langmuir 24:7648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang L, Chen X, Zhan J, Sui Z, Zhao J, Sun Z (2004) Chem Lett 33:720CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Scientific and Industrial ResearchOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations