Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 12, pp 4095–4115

Grain boundary engineering: historical perspective and future prospects

IIB 2010

DOI: 10.1007/s10853-011-5393-z

Cite this article as:
Watanabe, T. J Mater Sci (2011) 46: 4095. doi:10.1007/s10853-011-5393-z

Abstract

A brief introduction of the historical background of grain boundary engineering for structural and functional polycrystalline materials is presented herewith. It has been emphasized that the accumulation of fundamental knowledge about the structure and properties of grain boundaries and interfaces has been extensively done by many researchers during the past one century. A new approach in terms of the concept of grain boundary and interface engineering is discussed for the design and development of high performance materials with desirable bulk properties. Recent advancements based on these concepts clearly demonstrate the high potential and general applicability of grain boundary engineering for various kinds of structural and functional materials. Future prospects of the grain boundary and interface engineering have been outlined, hoping that a new dimension will emerge pertaining to the discovery of new materials and the generation of a new property originating from the presence of grain boundaries and interfaces in advanced polycrystalline materials.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Anisotropy and Texture of MaterialsNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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