Conditions and features of matrix and bulk carbonization of the organic precursors
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Comparative research of matrix and bulk carbonization of some organic precursors (sucrose, acetonitrile) in silica mesoporous materials SBA-15 and KIT-6 was conducted. X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption analysis, Raman spectroscopy were used for determination of the structural-sorption characteristics of the obtained materials. It was shown that the carbon mesoporous materials CMK-8 obtained in the mesopores of KIT-6 had higher adsorption characteristics because of features of three-dimensional cubic structure, larger pore volume and framework’s wall thickness. It was established that partially graphitized spatially well-organized carbon materials were formed as a result of pyrolysis of acetonitrile in the silica matrices SBA-15 and KIT-6. It was conditioned by the absence of considerable spatial limitations for growth of graphite structures on the initial stage of the synthesis when the pores of the matrix were not filled up with the organic precursor. Product of bulk carbonization of sucrose is compact carbon microporous framework with low sorption characteristics (micropore volume is 0.09 cm3/g).
KeywordsCarbon Material Graphite Structure Mesoporous Molecular Sieve Organic Precursor Large Pore Volume
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