Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium
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- Jlassi, I., Elhouichet, H. & Ferid, M. J Mater Sci (2011) 46: 806. doi:10.1007/s10853-010-4820-x
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Er3+-doped tellurite glasses with molar compositions of 75TeO2–20ZnO–(5 − x) Na2O–xEr2O3 (x = 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 mol%) have been elaborated from the melt-quenching method. The effects of Er2O3 concentration on the thermal stability and optical properties of tellurite glasses have been discussed. From the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) profile, the glass transition temperature Tg, and crystallization onset temperature Tx are estimated. The thermal stability factor, defined as ∆T = Tx − Tg, was higher than 100 °C. It suggests that tellurite glass exhibits a good thermal stability and consequently is suitable to be a potential candidate for fiber drawing. Furthermore, the stability factor increases with Er2O3 concentration up to 2 mol% then presents a continue decrease suggesting of beginning of crystallization of highly doped tellurite glasses. The refractive index and extinction coefficient data were obtained by analyzing the experimental spectra of tanΨ and cos∆ measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). The complex dielectric functions (ε = ε1 + iε2) of the samples were estimated from regression analysis. The fundamental absorption edge has been identified from the optical absorption spectra and was analyzed in terms of the theory proposed by Davis and Mott. The values of optical band gap for direct and indirect allowed transitions have been determined. An important decrease of the optical band gap was found after Er doping. It was assigned to structural changes induced from the formation of non-bridging oxygen. The absorption coefficient just below the absorption edge varies exponentially with photon energy indicating the presence of Urbach’s tail. The origin of the Urbach energy is associated with the phonon-assisted indirect transitions.