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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 21, pp 5711–5735 | Cite as

Advances in non-hygienic applications of superabsorbent hydrogel materials

  • M. J. Zohuriaan-MehrEmail author
  • H. Omidian
  • S. Doroudiani
  • K. Kabiri
Review

Abstract

Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) are organic materials with lightly crosslinked three-dimensional structure possessing high to very high swelling capacity in aqueous media. These are in fact the most commercially successful members of the hydrogel family. The SAP production for personal care products (baby diapers and feminine incontinence products) accounts for about 80% of the overall hydrogel production. Research during the past 30 years, although not affected the commercial status of SAPs, has led to more and more understanding of superabsorbent structures, their properties, and potential uses. Beyond the hygienic use, the SAPs have found very wide applications from the agricultural formulations to pharmaceutical dosage forms. Since hygiene applications of SAPs are very well established and well reviewed, this article reviews and highlights the SAP applications in other sectors, such as in agriculture, pharmaceutics, separation technology, fibers/textiles, water-swelling rubbers, soft actuators/valves, electrical and construction.

Keywords

Acrylic Acid Unconfined Compressive Strength Olive Mill Wastewater Water Absorbency Hydrogel Nanocomposite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Zohuriaan-Mehr
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Omidian
    • 2
  • S. Doroudiani
    • 3
  • K. Kabiri
    • 1
  1. 1.Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran
  2. 2.Nova Southeastern University, College of PharmacyFt. LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.TorontoCanada

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