Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 20, pp 5425–5455 | Cite as

Fabrication of ceramic components with hierarchical porosity

  • Paolo ColomboEmail author
  • Cekdar Vakifahmetoglu
  • Stefano Costacurta


This article reviews different methodologies for the fabrication of monolithic ceramic components possessing multiscale porosity, i.e., with pores ranging from a few nanometers to several hundred microns. Two main strategies have been discussed: (a) the assembling of micro/mesoporous materials into components possessing also macropores; (b) the addition of micro/mesoporosity to macroporous, cellular monoliths. Both routes include one-pot and multi-step processing routes, and yield components with different properties in terms, for instance, of specific surface area values, mechanical strength, and permeability to fluids. The wide range of processing approaches available enable the fabrication of components with very varied morphology, suitable for a variety of industrial applications.


Foam Zeolite Block Copolymer Cordierite Colloidal Crystal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Body-centered cubic


Brunauer, Emmett, Teller (theory for the physical adsorption of gas molecules on a surface used for the determination of SSA)


Catalyst-assisted pyrolysis


Catalytic chemical vapor deposition


Carbide-derived carbon


Critical micellar concentration


Carbon nanofiber


Carbon nanotube


Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide


Chemical vapor deposition




Evaporation-induced self assembly


Pluronic block copolymer: PEO106-PPO70-PEO106


Face-centered cubic




Mesostructured cellular foam




Pluronic block copolymer: PEO20-PPO70-PEO20


Pulsed current processing




Poly(ethylene glycol)


Poly(ethylene oxide)


Periodic mesoporous organosilica


Poly(propylene oxide)






Reticulated vitreous carbon


Scanning electron microscopy


Specific surface area (typical units: m2/g)


Transmission electron microscopy


Tetraethoxysilane (tetraethyl orthosilicate)


True liquid crystal templating




Tetramethoxysilane (tetramethyl orthosilicate)


Tetrapropylammonium hydroxide


Titanium tetraisopropoxide




Water-in-oil (emulsion)


  1. 1.
    Colombo P (2008) Science 322:381PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Twigg MV, Richardson JT (2007) Ind Eng Chem Res 46:4166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schüth F, Sing KSW, Weitkamp J (2002) Handbook of porous solids. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Freyman TM, Yannas IV, Gibson LJ (2001) Prog Mater Sci 46:273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haber J (1991) Pure Appl Chem 63:1227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Martini-vvedensky JE, Suh NP, Waldman FA (1984) US Patent 4473665Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Colombo P, Bernardo E, Biasetto L (2004) J Am Ceram Soc 87:152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Roquerol J, Avnir D, Fairbridge CW et al (1994) Pure Appl Chem 66:1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Avila P, Montes M, Miró EE (2005) Chem Eng J 109:11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yuan Z-Y, Ren T-Z, Su B-L (2004) Chem Phys Lett 383:348ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kooyman PJ (2008) Stud Surf Sci Catal 174:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huiyong C, Hongxia X, Xianying C, Yu Q (2009) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 118:396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li K (2007) Ceramic membranes for separation and reaction. Wiley, ChichesterCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schüth F (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:3604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Colombo P (2006) Philos Trans Roy Soc A 364:109ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Studart AR, Gonzenbach UT, Tervoort E, Gauckler LJ (2006) J Am Ceram Soc 89:1771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Soler-Illia G, Sanchez C, Lebeau B, Patarin J (2002) Chem Rev 102:4093PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tiemann M (2008) Chem Mater 20:961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Malfatti L, Kidchob T, Costacurta S et al (2006) Chem Mater 18:4553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cagnol F, Grosso D, Soler-Illia G et al (2003) J Mater Chem 13:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brinker CJ, Lu Y, Sellinger A, Fan H (1999) Adv Mater 11:579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Huo Q, Margolese DI, Ciesla U et al (1994) Chem Mater 6:1176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Firouzi A, Atef F, Oertli AG, Stucky GD, Chmelka BF (1997) J Am Chem Soc 119:3596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lu AH, Schüth F (2006) Adv Mater 18:1793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dyer A (1988) An introduction to zeolite molecular sieves. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schmidt-Winkel P, Lukens WW, Yang P et al (2000) Chem Mater 12:686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Beck JS, Vartuli JC, Roth WJ et al (1992) J Am Chem Soc 114:10834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kresge CT, Leonowicz ME, Roth WJ, Vartuli JC, Beck JS (1992) Nature 359:710ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yuan Z-Y, Su B-L (2006) J Mater Chem 16:663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vantomme A, Léonard A, Yuan Z-Y, Su B-L (2007) Colloids Surf Physicochem Eng Aspects 300:70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bergna HE, Roberts WO (eds) (2006) Colloidal silica, Fundamentals and applications. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yang P, Deng T, Zhao D et al (1998) Science 282:2244PubMedADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Holland BT, Blanford CF, Stein A (1998) Science 281:538PubMedADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Holland BT, Blanford CF, Do T, Stein A (1999) Chem Mater 11:795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sen T, Tiddy GJT, Casci JL, Anderson MW (2004) Chem Mater 16:2044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dacquin J-P, Dhainaut J, Duprez D, Royer S, Lee AF, Wilson K (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:12896PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kim Y, Kim C, Yi J (2004) Mater Res Bull 39:2103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gundiah G (2001) Bull Mater Sci 24:211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lekkerkerker HNW, Stroobants A (1998) Nature 393:305ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Frenkel D (2006) Nature Mater 5:85ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Stein A (2001) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 44–45:227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Wijnhoven JEGJ, Vos WL (1998) Science 281:802–804ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zakhidov AA, Baughman RH, Iqbal Z et al (1998) Science 282:897PubMedADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Holland BT, Abrams L, Stein A (1999) J Am Chem Soc 121:4308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Sen T, Tiddy GJT, Casci JL, Anderson MW (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:4649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Lebeau B, Fowler CE, Mann S, Farcet C, Charleux B, Sanchez C (2000) J Mater Chem 10:2105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Deng Y, Liu C, Yu T et al (2007) Chem Mater 19:3271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Vaudreuil S, Bousmina M, Kaliaguine S, Bonneviot L (2001) Adv Mater 13:1310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Oh CG, Baek Y, Ihm SK (2005) Adv Mater 17:270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Danumah C, Vaudreuil S, Bonneviot L, Bousmina M, Giasson S, Kaliaguine S (2001) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 44–45:241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Valtchev V, Mintova S (2001) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 43:41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Rhodes KH, Davis SA, Caruso F, Zhang B, Mann S (2000) Chem Mater 12:2832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Antonietti M, Berton B, Göltner C, Hentze H-P (1998) Adv Mater 10:154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Suzuki N, Sakka Y, Yamauchi Y (2009) Sci Technol Adv Mater 10:025002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Luo Q, Li L, Yang B, Zhao D (2000) Chem Lett 29:378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Walsh D, Kulak A, Aoki K, Ikoma T, Tanaka J, Mann S (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:6691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Madhusoodana CD, Das RN, Kameshima Y, Okada K (2005) J Porous Mater 12:273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kuang D, Brezesinski T, Smarsly B (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:10534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Seddon KR, Stark A, Torres M-J (2000) Pure Appl Chem 72:2275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Brezesinski T, Erpen C, Iimura K-i, Smarsly B (2005) Chem Mater 17:1683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Antonietti M, Kuang D, Smarsly B, Zhou Y (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:4988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zhou Y, Antonietti M (2003) Chem Commun 2564–2565Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Smått J-H, Spliethoff B, Rosenholm JB, Lindén M (2004) Chem Commun 2188–2189Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Smått J-H, Weidenthaler C, Rosenholm JB, Lindén M (2006) Chem Mater 18:1443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Taguchi A, Smått JH, Lindén M (2003) Adv Mater 15:1209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Lu AH, Smått JH, Lindén M (2005) Adv Funct Mater 15:865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Lu A-H, Smått J-H, Backlund S, Lindén M (2004) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 72:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Davis SA, Breulmann M, Rhodes KH, Zhang B, Mann S (2001) Chem Mater 13:3218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Lee YJ, Lee JS, Park YS, Yoon KB (2001) Adv Mater 13:1259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Lee Y-J, Yoon KB (2006) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 88:176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Kim WJ, Kim TJ, Ahn WS, Lee YJ, Yoon KB (2003) Catal Lett 91:123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Lee Y-J, Kim Y-W, Jun K-W, Viswanadham N, Bae J, Park H-S (2009) Catal Lett 129:408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Huerta L, Guillem C, Latorre J, Beltrán A, Beltrán D, Amorós P (2003) Chem Commun 1448–1449Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Huerta L, Guillem C, Latorre J, Beltrán A, Beltrán D, Amorós P (2005) Solid State Sci 7:405ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Álvarez S, Fuertes AB (2007) Mater Lett 61:2378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Shi Z-G, Xu L-Y, Feng Y-Q (2006) J Non-Cryst Solids 352:4003ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Xu L-Y, Shi Z-G, Feng Y-Q (2007) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 98:303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Li L-L, Duan W-T, Yuan Q, Li Z-X, Duan H-H, Yan C-H (2009) Chem Commun 6174–6176Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Giunta PR, Washington RP, Campbell TD, Steinbock O, Stiegman AE (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:1505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hall SR (2009) Biotemplating: complex structures from natural materials. World Scientific Publishing, SingaporeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Mann S (2001) Biomineralization. Principles and concepts in bioinorganic materials chemistry. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Dujardin E, Mann S (2002) Adv Mater 14:775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Greil P (2001) J Eur Ceram Soc 21:105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Sieber H (2005) Mater Sci Eng B 412:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Zhang B, Davis SA, Mann S (2002) Chem Mater 14:1369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Li J, Xu Q, Wang J, Jiao J, Zhang Z (2008) Ind Eng Chem Res 47:7680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Dong A, Wang Y, Tang Y et al (2002) Adv Mater 14:926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Valtchev V, Smaihi M, Faust A-C, Vidal L (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:2782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Valtchev VP, Smaihi M, Faust A-C, Vidal L (2004) Chem Mater 16:1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Xu J, Yao J, Zeng C, Zhang L, Xu N (2010) J Porous Mater 17:329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Liu W, Zhang L, Wang H, Xu N (2007) Stud Surf Sci Catal 170:408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Li G, Singh R, Li D, Zhao C, Liu L, Webley PA (2009) J Mater Chem 19:8372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Anderson MW, Holmes SM, Noreen H, Cundy CS (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:2707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Wang Y, Tang Y, Dong A, Wang X, Ren N, Gao Z (2002) J Mater Chem 12:1812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Losic D, Mitchell JG, Voelcker N,H (2009) Adv Mater 21:2947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Davis SA, Burkett SL, Mendelson NH, Mann S (1997) Nature 385:420ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Zhang B, Davis SA, Mann S, Mendelson NH (2000) Chem Commun 781–782Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Iwasaki M, Davis SA, Mann S (2004) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 32:99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Liu Z, Fan T, Zhang W, Zhang D (2005) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 85:82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Sieber H, Hoffmann C, Kaindl A, Greil P (2000) Adv Eng Mater 2:105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Vyshnyakova KL, Yushin G, Pereselentseva LN, Gogotsi Y (2006) Int J Appl Ceram Technol 3:485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Zampieri A, Kullmann S, Selvam T et al (2006) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 90:162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Shin Y, Wang C, Exarhos GJ (2005) Adv Mater 17:73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Shin Y, Liu J, Chang JH, Nie Z, Exarhos GJ (2001) Adv Mater 13:728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Wang L-Q, Shin Y, Samuels WD et al (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:13793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Forsyth PA, Marcelia S, Mitchell DJ, Ninham BW (1978) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 9:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Bechinger C (2002) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 7:204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Imhof A, Pine DJ (1998) Adv Mater 10:697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Soler-Illia G, Crepaldi EL, Grosso D, Sanchez C (2003) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 8:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Velikonja J, Kosaric N (1993) In: Kosaric N (ed) Biosurfactants: production, properties, applications (surfactant sciences series). Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Kabalnov A, Lindman B, Olsson U, Piculell L, Thuresson K, Wennerström H (1996) Colloid Polym Sci 274:297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Bibette J (1991) J Colloid Interface Sci 147:474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Imhof A, Pine DJ (1997) Nature 389:948ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Imhof A, Pine DJ (1999) Adv Mater 11:311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Yi G-R, Yang S-M (1999) Chem Mater 11:2322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Yuan ZY, Ren TZ, Su BL (2003) Adv Mater 15:1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Bagshaw SA (1999) Chem Commun 767–768Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Carn F, Colin A, Achard MF, Deleuze H, Saadi Z, Backov R (2004) Adv Mater 16:140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Maekawa H, Esquena J, Bishop S, Solans C, Chmelka BF (2003) Adv Mater 15:591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Sen T, Tiddy GJT, Casci JL, Anderson MW (2003) Chem Commun 2182–2183Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Sen T, Tiddy GJT, Casci JL, Anderson MW (2005) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 78:255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Carn F, Saadaoui H, Massé P et al (2006) Langmuir 22:5469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Stöber W, Fink A, Bohn E (1968) J Colloid Interface Sci 26:62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Blin J-L, Léonard A, Yuan Z-Y et al (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:2872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Nakanishi K (1997) J Porous Mater 4:67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Nakanishi K (2000) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 19:65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Konishi J, Fujita K, Nakanishi K, Hirao K (2006) Chem Mater 18:6069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Konishi J, Fujita K, Nakanishi K et al (2009) J Chromatogr A 1216:7375PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Konishi J, Fujita K, Oiwa S, Nakanishi K, Hirao K (2008) Chem Mater 20:2165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Tanaka N, Kobayashi H, Nakanishi K, Minakuchi H, Ishizuka N (2001) Anal Chem 73:420APubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Ishizuka N, Minakuchi H, Nakanishi K, Soga N, Tanaka N (1998) J Chromatogr A 797:133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Minakuchi H, Nakanishi K, Soga N, Ishizuka N, Tanaka N (1996) Anal Chem 68:3498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Nakanishi K, Minakuchi H, Soga N, Tanaka N (1998) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 13:163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Smått J-H, Schunk S, Lindén M (2003) Chem Mater 15:2354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Hüsing N, Raab C, Torma V, Roig A, Peterlik H (2003) Chem Mater 15:2690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Göltner CG, Antonietti M (1997) Adv Mater 9:431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Nakanishi K, Kobayashi Y, Amatani T, Hirao K, Kodaira T (2004) Chem Mater 16:3652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Amatani T, Nakanishi K, Hirao K, Kodaira T (2005) Chem Mater 17:2114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Brandhuber D, Torma V, Raab C, Peterlik H, Kulak A, Husing N (2005) Chem Mater 17:4262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Shi Z-G, Feng Y-Q, Xu L, Da S-L, Ren Y-Y (2004) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 68:55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Zhong H, Zhu G, Wang P, Liu J, Yang J, Yang Q (2008) J Chromatogr A 1190:232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Backlund S, Smått JH, Rosenholm JB, Lindén M (2007) J Dispers Sci Technol 28:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Deville S (2008) Adv Eng Mater 10:155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Nishihara H, Mukai SR, Yamashita D, Tamon H (2005) Chem Mater 17:683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Nishihara H, Iwamura S, Kyotani T (2009) J Mater Chem 18:3662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Nishihara H, Mukai SR, Fujii Y, Tago T, Masuda T, Tamon H (2006) J Mater Chem 16:3231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Yun H-S, Kim S-E, Hyeon Y-T (2007) Chem Commun 2139–2141Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Ocampo F, Yun HS, Pereira MM, Tessonnier JP, Louis B (2009) Cryst Growth Des 9:3721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Nawrocki J, Dunlap C, McCormick A, Carr PW (2004) J Chromatogr A 1028:1PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    El Kadib A, Chimenton R, Sachse A, Fajula F, Galarneau A, Coq B (2009) Angew Chem Int Ed 48:4969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    El Haskouri J, De Zárate DO, Guillem C, et al. (2002) Chem Commun 330–331Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Wang H, Huang L, Wang Z, Mitra A, Yan Y (2001) Chem Commun 1364–1365Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Dong D, Huang Y, Zhang X, He L, Li C-Z, Wang H (2009) J Mater Chem 19:7070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Liang C, Dai S, Guiochon G (2002) Chem Commun 2680–2681Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Vasiliev PO, Shen Z, Hodgkins RP, Bergstrom L (2006) Chem Mater 18:4933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Akhtar F, Vasiliev PO, Bergström L (2009) J Am Ceram Soc 92:338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Vakifahmetoglu C, Pauletti A, Fernandez Martin C, Babonneau F, Colombo P (2009) Int J Appl Ceram Technol. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7402.2009.02365.x
  158. 158.
    Gibson LJ, Ashby MF (1999) Cellular solids, structure and properties. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Colombo P (2008) J Eur Ceram Soc 28:1389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Scheffler M, Colombo P (eds) (2005) Cellular ceramics: structure, manufacturing, properties and applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Green DJ, Colombo P (2003) Mater Res Soc Bull 28:296Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Meille V (2006) Appl Catal B 315:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Nijhuis TA, Beers AEW, Vergunst T, Hoek I, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2001) Catal Rev Sci Eng 43:345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Mitra B, Kunzru D (2008) J Am Ceram Soc 91:64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Buciuman F-C, Kraushaar-Czarnetzki B (2001) Catal Today 69:337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Jiang P, Lu G, Guo Y, Guo Y, Zhang S, Wang X (2005) Surf Coat Technol 190:314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Richardson JT, Peng Y, Remue D (2000) Appl Catal A 204:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Richardson JT, Remue D, Hung JK (2003) Appl Cat A 250:319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Agrafiotis C, Tsetsekou A (2002) J Eur Ceram Soc 22:423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Narula CK, Allison JE, Bauer DR, Gandhi HS (1996) Chem Mater 8:984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Agrafiotis C, Tsetsekou A (2000) J Mater Sci 35:951. doi: 10.1023/A:1004762827623 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Villegas L, Masset F, Guilhaume N (2007) Appl Catal B 320:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Jarrah NA, Van Ommen JG, Lefferts L (2004) J Mater Chem 14:1590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Jarrah N, Van Ommen JG, Lefferts L (2003) Catal Today 79–80:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Richardson JT, Garrait M, Hung JK (2003) Appl Catal B 255:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Sánchez JF, González Bello OJ, Montes M, Tonetto GM, Damiani DE (2009) Catal Commun 10:1446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Deng S, Lin Y (1997) J Mater Sci Lett 16:1291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Agrafiotis C, Tsetsekou A, Ekonomakou A (1999) J Mater Sci Lett 18:1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Agrafiotis C, Tsetsekou A (2000) J Eur Ceram Soc 20:815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Agrafiotis C, Tsetsekou A (2000) J Eur Ceram Soc 20:825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Corma A (1997) Chem Rev 97:2373PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Davis ME (1998) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 21:173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Bein T (1996) Chem Mater 8:1636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Tavolaro A, Drioli E (1999) Adv Mater 11:975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Mizukami F (1999) Stud Surf Sci Catal 125:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Li L, Xue B, Chen J et al (2005) Appl Catal B 292:312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Zamaro JM, Ulla MA, Miró EE (2005) Chem Eng J 106:25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Madhusoodana CD, Das RN, Kameshima Y, Yasumori A, Okada K (2001) J Porous Mater 8:265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Ulla MA, Miro E, Mallada R, Coronas J, Santamaria J (2004) Chem Commun 528–529Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Jansen JC, Koegler JH, van Bekkum H et al (1998) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 21:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Silva ER, Silva JM, Vaz MF, Oliveira FAC, Ribeiro F (2009) Mater Lett 63:572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Öhrman O, Hedlund J, Sterte J (2004) Appl Catal B 270:193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Okada K, Kameshima Y, Madhusoodana CD, Das RN (2004) Sci Technol Adv Mater 5:479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Ulla MA, Mallada R, Coronas J, Gutierrez L, Miró E, Santamaría J (2003) Appl Catal B 253:257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Basaldella EI, Kikot A, Bengoa JF, Tara JC (2002) Mater Lett 52:350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Aiello R, Crea F, Testa F, Spanti Gattuso A (1999) Stud Surf Sci Catal 125:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Lin X, Kikuchi E, Matsukata M (2001) Stud Surf Sci Catal 135:162Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Seijger GBF, Oudshoorn OL, Van Kooten WEJ et al (2000) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 39:195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Seijger GBF, Oudshoorn OL, Boekhorst A, Van Bekkum H, Van den Bleek CM, Calis HPA (2001) Chem Eng Sci 56:849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Sterte J, Hedlund J, Creaser D et al (2001) Catal Today 69:323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Falamaki C, Afarani MS, Aghaie A (2006) J Am Ceram Soc 89:408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Yan Y, Davis ME, Gavalas GR (1995) Ind Eng Chem Res 34:1652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Yan Y, Tsapatsis M, Gavalas GR, Davis ME (1995) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 227–228Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Calis HP, Gerritsen AW, Bleek CMVD, Legein CH, Jansen JC, Bekkum HV (1995) Can J Chem Eng 73:120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Geus ER, den Exter MJ, van Bekkum H (1992) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 88:3101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Yan Y, Davis ME, Gavalas GR (1997) J Membr Sci 123:95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Zhang L, Wang H (2003) J Mater Sci 38:1439. doi: 10.1023/A:1022904127678 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Katsuki H, Furuta S, Komarneni S (2000) J Am Ceram Soc 83:1093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Beers AEW, Nijhuis TA, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2001) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 48:279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Beers AEW, Nijhuis TA, Aalders N, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2003) Appl Catal B 243:237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Zamaro JM, Ulla MA, Miró EE (2005) Catal Today 107–108:86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Patcas FC, Garrido GI, Kraushaar-Czarnetzki B (2007) Chem Eng Sci 62:3984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Patcas FC (2005) J Catal 231:194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Ivanova S, Louis B, Madani B, Tessonnier JP, Ledoux MJ, Pham-Huu C (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:4368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Ivanova S, Louis B, Ledoux M-J, Pham-Huu C (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:3383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Louis B, Tezel C, Kiwi-Minsker L, Renken A (2001) Catal Today 69:365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Schwieger W, Rauscher M, Mönnig R et al (2000) Stud Surf Sci Catal 129:121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Scheffler F, Zampieri A, Schwieger W, Zeschky J, Scheffler M, Greil P (2005) Adv Appl Ceram 104:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Scheffler M, Gambaryan-Roisman T, Zeschky J, Scheffler F, Greil P (2002) Ceram Eng Sci Proc 23:203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Zampieri A, Colombo P, Mabande GTP, Selvam T, Schwieger W, Scheffler F (2004) Adv Mater 16:819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Wang Y-Y, Jin G-Q, Guo X-Y (2009) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 118:302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Tong Y, Zhao T, Li F, Wang Y (2006) Chem Mater 18:4218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Lei Q, Zhao T, Li F, Wang Y, Zheng M (2006) Chem Lett 35:490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Lei Q, Zhao T, Li F, Wang Y, Hou L (2008) J Porous Mater 15:643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Huerta L, El Haskouri J, Vie D et al (2007) Chem Mater 19:1082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Costacurta S, Biasetto L, Pippel E, Woltersdorf J, Colombo P (2007) J Am Ceram Soc 90:2172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Granato T, Le Piane F, Testa F, Katovic A, Aiello R (2010) Mater Lett 64:1622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Vergunst T, Linders MJG, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2001) Catal Rev Sci Eng 43:291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Gatica JM, Rodríguez-Izquierdo JM, Sánchez D, Ania C, Parra JB, Vidal H (2004) Carbon 42:3251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Moreno-Castilla C, Pérez-Cadenas AF (2010) Materials 3:1203ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Alcañiz-Monge JA, Cazorla-Amorós D, Linares-Solano A, Morallón E, Vázquez J (1998) Carbon 36:1003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Vergunst T, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2002) Carbon 40:1891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Valdés-Solís T, Marbán G, Fuertes AB (2001) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 43:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Valdés-Solís T, Marbán G, Fuertes AB (2003) Appl Catal B 46:261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Pérez-Cadenas AF, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA, Maldonado-Hódar FJ, Carrasco-Marín F, Moreno-Castilla C (2006) Carbon 44:2463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Pérez-Cadenas AF, Zieverink MMP, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2006) Carbon 44:173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Pérez-Cadenas AF, Zieverink MMP, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2007) Catal Today 128:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Lazaro MJ, Moliner R, Galindo JF, Sotres J, Baro AM (2004) J Catal 223:395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Kapteijn EF, Moulijn JA (2001) Catal Today 69:357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Lazaro MJ, Moliner R, Álvarez PM, Gómez-Serrano V, Fierro JLG (2006) Carbon 44:407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Calvillo L, Lazaro MJ, Moliner R (2004) Ind Eng Chem Res 43:4073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    García-Bordejé E, Monzón A, Lázaro MJ, Moliner R (2005) Catal Today 102–103:177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Pérez-Cadenas AF, Morales-Torres S, Kapteijn F et al (2008) Appl Catal B 77:272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2002) Carbon 40:1079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Gadkaree KP (1998) Carbon 36:981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    De Lathouder KM, Marques Fló T, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2005) Catal Today 105:443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    De Lathouder KM, Lozano-Castelló D, Linares-Solano A, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA (2006) Carbon 44:3053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    De Lathouder KM, Bakker J, Kreutzer MT, Kapteijn F, Moulijn JA, Wallin SA (2004) Chem Eng Sci 59:5027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Dawson EA, Barnes PA, Chinn MJ (2006) Carbon 44:1189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Maldonado-Hodar FJ, Morales-Torres S, Ribeiro F et al (2008) Langmuir 24:3267PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Kvande I, Chen D, Ronning M (2006) Adv Mater 18:1589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Garcia-Bordeje E, Kvande I, Chen D, Ronning M (2007) Carbon 45:1828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Morales-Torres S, Pérez-Cadenas AF, Kapteijn F, Carrasco-Marín F, Maldonado-Hódar FJ, Moulijn JA (2009) Appl Catal B 89:411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Ulla MA, Valera A, Ubieto T et al (2008) Catal Today 133–135:7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. 255.
    Gong B, Wang R, Lin B, Xie F, Yu X, Wei K (2008) Catal Lett 122:287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Wang J, Wang R, Yu X, Lin J, Xie F, Wei K (2006) J Nat Gas Chem 15:211zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Jayaseelan DD, Lee WE, Amutharani D, Zhang S, Yoshida K, Kita H (2007) J Am Ceram Soc 90:1603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Rul S, Laurent C, Peigney A, Rousset A (2003) J Eur Ceram Soc 23:1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Cordier A, Rossignol F, Laurent C, Chartier T, Peigney A (2007) Appl Catal B 319:7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    De Resende VG, De Grave E, Cordier A, Weibel A, Peigney A, Laurent C (2009) Carbon 47:482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Cordier A, Flahaut E, Viazzi C, Laurent C, Peigney A (2005) J Mater Chem 15:4041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Pham-Huu C, Ledoux M-J (2006) Top Catal 40:49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Wenmakers PWAM, Jvd Schaaf, Kuster BFM, Schouten JC (2008) J Mater Chem 18:2426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Mukhopadhyay SM, Karumuri A, Barney IT (2009) J Phys D Appl Phys 42:195503ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Vanhaecke E, Ivanova S, Deneuve A et al (2008) J Mater Chem 18:4654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Edouard D, Ivanova S, Lacroix M, Vanhaecke E, Pham C, Pham-Huu C (2009) Catal Today 141:403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. 267.
    Berger A, Pippel E, Woltersdorf J, Scheffler M, Cromme P, Greil P (2005) Phys Status Solidi A 202:2277ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Scheffler M, Greil P, Berger A, Pippel E, Woltersdorf J (2004) Mater Chem Phys 84:131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Vakifahmetoglu C, Pippel E, Woltersdorf J, Colombo P (2010) J Am Ceram Soc 93(4):959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Vakifahmetoglu C, Carturan S, Pippel E, Woltersdorf J, Colombo P (2010) J Am Ceram Soc (in press)Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Zhu S, Xi H-A, Li Q, Wang R (2005) J Am Ceram Soc 88:2619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Yao X, Tan S, Huang Z, Dong S, Jiang D (2007) Ceram Int 33:901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. 273.
    Yoon B-H, Park C-S, Kim H-E, Koh Y-H (2007) J Am Ceram Soc 90:3759Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Vakifahmetoglu C, Colombo P (2010) In: Colombo P, Raj R (eds) Proceedings of Pac-Rim 8, Advances in polymer derived ceramics and composites: ceramic transactions, vol 213. John Wiley & Sons, pp 95–103 Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    Moawad H, Jain H (2007) J Am Ceram Soc 90:1934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Moawad H, Jain H (2009) J Mater Sci Mater Med 20:1409PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Kleebe HJ, Turquat C, Soraru GD (2001) J Am Ceram Soc 84:1073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Wilson AM, Zank G, Eguchi K, Xing W, Yates B, Dahn JR (1997) Chem Mater 9:2139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Pena-Alonso R, Soraru GD, Raj R (2006) J Am Ceram Soc 89:2473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. 280.
    Dibandjo P, Dir Sandra, Babonneau F, Soraru GD (2008) Glass Technol Eur J Glass Sci Technol A 49:175Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Pena-Alonso R, Mariotto G, Gervais C, Babonneau F, Soraru GD (2007) Chem Mater 19:5694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  282. 282.
    Biasetto L, Peña-Alonso R, Soraru GD, Colombo P (2008) Adv Appl Ceram 107:106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    Thomas HE (1986) in William S (ed) Applications of refractories: ceramic engineering and science proceedings, applications of refractories: ceramic engineering and science proceedings, vol 7, pp 40-51Google Scholar
  284. 284.
    Shigapov AN, Graham GW, McCabe RW, Paputa Peck M, Kiel Plummer H (1999) Appl Catal B 182:137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. 285.
    Gogotsi Y, Nikitin A, Ye H et al (2003) Nat Mater 2:591PubMedADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. 286.
    Yeon S-H, Reddington P, Gogotsi Y, Fischer JE, Vakifahmetoglu C, Colombo P (2010) Carbon 48:201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. 287.
    Krawiec P, Schrage C, Kockrick E, Kaskel S (2008) Chem Mater 20:5421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. 288.
    Krawiec P, Kockrick E, Borchardt L, Geiger D, Corma A, Kaskel S (2009) J Phys Chem C 113:7755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  289. 289.
    Shi Z-G, Feng Y-Q, Xu L, Da S-L, Zhang M (2003) Carbon 41:2677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. 290.
    Xu L-Y, Shi Z-G, Feng Y-Q (2008) Microporous Mesoporous Mater 115:618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. 291.
    Kroke E, Li Y-L, Konetschny C, Lecomte E, Fasel C, Riedel R (2000) Mater Sci Eng R 26:97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. 292.
    Wan J, Gasch MJ, Mukherjee AK (2001) J Am Ceram Soc 84:2165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. 293.
    Belyakov AV, Fomin NN, Koch D (2002) Glass Ceram 59:54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. 294.
    Belyakov AV, Fomin NN, Kokh D (2002) Glass Ceram 59:171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. 295.
    Belyakov AV, Fomin NN, Koch D (2003) Glass Ceram 60:14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. 296.
    Wilhelm M, Soltmann C, Koch D, Grathwohl G (2005) J Eur Ceram Soc 25:271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. 297.
    Wilhelm M, Adam M, Baumer M, Grathwohl G (2008) Adv Eng Mater 10:241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. 298.
    Schmidt H, Koch D, Grathwohl G, Colombo P (2001) J Am Ceram Soc 84:2252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. 299.
    Heck RM, Gulati S, Farrauto RJ (2001) Chem Eng J 82:149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  300. 300.
    Cybulski A, Moulijn JA (1994) Catal Rev Sci Eng 36:179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  301. 301.
    Giani L, Groppi G, Tronconi E (2005) Ind Eng Chem Res 44:4993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. 302.
    Buciuman FC, Kraushaar-Czarnetzki B (2003) Ind Eng Chem Re 42:1863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  303. 303.
    Salvini VR, Innocentini MDM, Pandolfelli VC (2000) Am Ceram Soc Bull 79:49Google Scholar
  304. 304.
    Hartmann M, Vinu A (2002) Langmuir 18:8010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. 305.
    Incera Garrido G, Patcas FC, Lang S, Kraushaar-Czarnetzki B (2008) Chem Engin Sci 63:5202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  306. 306.
    Peng Y, Richardson JT (2004) Appl Cat A 266:235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  307. 307.
    Grosse J, Dietrich B, Incera Garrido G, Habisreuther P, Zarzalis N, Martin H, Kind M, Kraushaar-Czarnetzki B (2009) Ind Eng Chem Res 48:10395CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Colombo
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Cekdar Vakifahmetoglu
    • 1
  • Stefano Costacurta
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica—Settore MaterialiUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Associazione CIVENVeneziaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations