Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 20, pp 5425–5455

Fabrication of ceramic components with hierarchical porosity

  • Paolo Colombo
  • Cekdar Vakifahmetoglu
  • Stefano Costacurta
REVIEW

Abstract

This article reviews different methodologies for the fabrication of monolithic ceramic components possessing multiscale porosity, i.e., with pores ranging from a few nanometers to several hundred microns. Two main strategies have been discussed: (a) the assembling of micro/mesoporous materials into components possessing also macropores; (b) the addition of micro/mesoporosity to macroporous, cellular monoliths. Both routes include one-pot and multi-step processing routes, and yield components with different properties in terms, for instance, of specific surface area values, mechanical strength, and permeability to fluids. The wide range of processing approaches available enable the fabrication of components with very varied morphology, suitable for a variety of industrial applications.

Abbreviations

BCC

Body-centered cubic

BET

Brunauer, Emmett, Teller (theory for the physical adsorption of gas molecules on a surface used for the determination of SSA)

CAP

Catalyst-assisted pyrolysis

CCVD

Catalytic chemical vapor deposition

CDC

Carbide-derived carbon

cmc

Critical micellar concentration

CNF

Carbon nanofiber

CNT

Carbon nanotube

CTAB

Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

DNPTES

3-(2,4-dinitrophenylaminopropyl)triethoxysilane

EISA

Evaporation-induced self assembly

F127

Pluronic block copolymer: PEO106-PPO70-PEO106

FCC

Face-centered cubic

LBL

Layer-by-layer

MCF

Mesostructured cellular foam

MTES

Methyltriethoxysilane

P123

Pluronic block copolymer: PEO20-PPO70-PEO20

PCP

Pulsed current processing

PCS

Polycarbosilane

PEG

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PMO

Periodic mesoporous organosilica

PPO

Poly(propylene oxide)

PS

Polystyrene

PU

Polyurethane

RVC

Reticulated vitreous carbon

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SSA

Specific surface area (typical units: m2/g)

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TEOS

Tetraethoxysilane (tetraethyl orthosilicate)

TLCT

True liquid crystal templating

TMB

Trimethylbenzene

TMOS

Tetramethoxysilane (tetramethyl orthosilicate)

TPAOH

Tetrapropylammonium hydroxide

TTIP

Titanium tetraisopropoxide

UF

Urea-formaldehyde

W/O

Water-in-oil (emulsion)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Colombo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Cekdar Vakifahmetoglu
    • 1
  • Stefano Costacurta
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica—Settore MaterialiUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Associazione CIVENVeneziaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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