Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 17, pp 4837–4845 | Cite as

Mechanical and dry sliding wear behavior of ultrafine-grained AISI 1024 steel processed using multiaxial forging

  • A. K. Padap
  • G. P. Chaudhari
  • S. K. Nath
Ultrafine Grained Materials


AISI 1024 steel was severely deformed by using warm (500 °C) multiaxial forging (MAF) technique using up to nine forging passes in order obtain a composite ultrafine grained (UFG) microstructure consisting of fragmented cementite particles. Microstructural evolution is studied using optical and electron microscopy. After warm MAF, the hardness and strength properties improved significantly, although total elongation values decreased. The tribological properties of UFG low carbon steel produced by MAF have been investigated. Dry sliding was carried out using constant sliding speed. The wear test results showed that the strengthening of AISI 1024 steel by warm MAF processing did not lead to improvement of wear resistance. The results are explained on the basis of its microstructural features and lower pull-off work. Higher grain boundary density, presence of submicron-sized cementite particles, and lower pull-off work are found to be responsible for lower sliding wear resistance of UFG steel.


Cementite Wear Surface Coarse Grained Accumulative Roll Bonding Equal Channel Angular Extrusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



All India Council for Technical Education supported one of the authors at IIT Roorkee under its QIP scheme. Authors gratefully acknowledge the funding provided through the faculty initiation grant of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeUttarakhandIndia

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