Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 1137–1142 | Cite as

Synthesis, and study of magnetic properties, of Bi1−xCdxFeO3

  • M. B. Bellakki
  • V. ManivannanEmail author
Article

Abstract

Ceramic Bi1−xCdxFeO3 (x = 0.0, 0.05, and 0.1) samples were prepared by a citrate-gel method. The as-prepared compounds were calcined at 600 °C for 3 h to obtain nearly single-phase materials. The crystal structure, examined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld analysis, confirmed that the samples crystallize in a rhombohedral (space group, R-3c no. 161) structure. Magnetic measurements were carried out on the resultant powders from 300 to ~2.5 K. Magnetic hysteresis loops showed a significant increase in magnetization as a result of Cd doping in BiFeO3.

Keywords

BiFeO3 LaFeO3 Weak Ferromagnetism Colossal Magnetoresistance FeO3 Sample 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors thank Prof. Allan Kirkpatrick for his continued help, encouragement, and support.

References

  1. 1.
    Scott JF (2007) Nat Mater 6:256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang ST, Zhang Y, Lu MH, Du CL, Chen YF, Liu ZG, Zhu YY, Ming NB, Pan XQ (2006) Appl Phys Lett 88:162901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee YH, Wu JM, Lai CH (2006) Appl Phys Lett 88:042903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cheng ZX, Wang XL, Ozawa K, Kimura H (2006) Appl Phys Lett 88:132909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cheng ZX, Wang XL (2007) Phys Rev B 75:172406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Popa M, Preda S, Fruth V, Sedlackova K, Balazsi C, Crespo D, Calderon-Moreno JM (2009) Thin Solid Films 517:2581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Popa M, Crespo D, Calderon-Moreno JM, Preda S, Fruth V (2007) J Am Ceramic Soc 90:2723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang J, Neaton JB, Zheng H, Nagarajan V, Ogale SB, Liu B, Viehland D, Vaithyanathan V, Schlom DG, Waghmare UV, Spaldin NA, Rabe KM, Wuttig M, Ramesh R (2003) Science 299:1719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ederer C, Spaldin NA (2005) Phys Rev B 71:060401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gao F, Yuan Y, Wang KF, Chen XY, Chen F, Liu JM, Ren ZF (2006) Appl Phys Lett 89:102506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Park TJ, Papaefthymiou GC, Viescas AJ, Moodenbaugh AR, Wong SS (2007) Nano Lett 7:766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Su WN, Wang DH, Cao QQ, Han ZD, Yin J, Zhang JR, Du YW (2007) Appl Phys Lett 91:092905CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lin YH, Jiang Q, Wang Y, Nan CW, Chen L, Yu J (2007) Appl Phys Lett 90:172507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lee D, Kim MG, Ryu S, Jang HM, Lee SG (2005) Appl Phys Lett 86:222903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yuan GL, Or SW (2006) J Appl Phys 100:024109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang DH, Goh WC, Ning M, Ong CK (2006) Appl Phys Lett 88:212907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Khomchenko VA, Kiselev DA, Selezneva EK, Vieira JM, Lopes AML, Pogorelov YG, Araujo JP, Kholkin AL (2008) Mater Lett 62:1927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sahana M, Hegde MS, Vasanthacharya NY, Prasad V, Subramanyam SV (1997) Appl Phys Lett 71:2701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Baythoun MSG, Sale FR (1982) J Mater Sci 17:2757. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00543914 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wiles DB, Young RA (1981) J Appl Crystallogr 14:149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen J, Xing X, Watson A, Wang W, Yu R, Deng J, Yan L, Sun C, Chen X (2007) Chem Mater 19:3598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kothari D, Reddy Raghavendra, Gupta A, Sathe V, Banerjee Gupta SM, Awasthi AM (2007) Appl Phys Lett 91:202505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Goodenough JB (1963) Magnetism and chemical bond. Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shannon RD (1976) Acta Crystallogr A32:751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bellakki M, Manivannan V, Das J (2009) Mater Res Bull 44:1522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Matsui T, Tanaka H, Fujimura N, Ito T, Mabuchi H, Morii K (2002) Appl Phys Lett 81:2764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mahesh Kumar M, Srinath S, Kumar GS, Suryanarayana SV (1998) J Magn Magn Mater 188:203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cheng ZX, Li AH, Wang XL, Dou SX, Ozawa K, Kimura H, Zhang SJ, Shrout TR (2008) J Appl Phys 103:07E507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li J, Duan Y, He H, Song D (2001) J Alloys Compd 315:259CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations