Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 570–574 | Cite as

Growth of oriented vapor grown carbon fibers on pyrolytic carbon films without catalyst

  • Dongju Fu
  • Xierong ZengEmail author
  • Fei Deng
  • Hongchao Sheng
  • Jizhou Zou
Letter

Vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs) have been of great interest to scientific and industrial communities for many years due to their unique crystalline structure as well as excellent physical and chemical properties [1, 2, 3]. They have potential applications as fillers in composites, super-high hydrogen storage materials, and good electrode materials [4, 5, 6, 7, 8]. VGCFs are usually prepared by the decomposition of hydrocarbons, such as benzene and methane, using ultra-fine transition metal particles or their alloys as a catalyst at a growth temperature of 600–1300 °C [9, 10, 11]. However, these methods sustain the disadvantage of introducing catalyst particles, which can make the synthesis process more complex, and the existence of catalyst must influence the properties of the products. Moreover, the mesoporous template or the d.c. bias was generally needed to enhance the growth of the oriented carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers [12, 13]. Recently, Lin et al. [14] prepared...

Keywords

Microwave Field FESEM Image Pyrolytic Carbon Chemical Vapor Infiltration Carbon Nodule 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 50672059).

References

  1. 1.
    Oberlin A, Endo M, Koyama T (1976) J Cryst Growth 32:335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mukai SR, Masuda T, Hashimoto K, Hashimoto K, Iwanaga H (2000) Carbon 38:475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hashishin T, Iwanaga H, Ichihara M, Mukai SR (2003) Carbon 41(2):343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee JT, Chu YJ, Wang FM, Yang CR, Li CC (2007) J Mater Sci 42:10118. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-007-2068-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kima JH, Lee YS, Sharma AK, Liu CG (2006) Electrochim Acta 52(4):1727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jafry HR, Whitsitt E, Barron AR (2007) J Mater Sci 42:7381. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-007-1596-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Endoa M, Kima YA, Hayashia T, Nishimura K, Matusita T, Miyashita K, Dresselhaus MS (2001) Carbon 39(9):1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu XG, Ji WY, Zhang Y, Yang YZ, Xu BS (2008) Carbon 46:154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li YJ, Lau SP, Tay BK, Chen GY, Sun Z, Chen JS, You GF, Sheeja D (2001) Diam Relat Mater 10(3–7):878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jia MM, Zhang YH (2009) Mater Lett 63:2111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang H, Terry K, Baker R (2004) Phys Chem B 108:20273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Terrons M, Grobert N, Olivares J, Zhang JP, Trones H, Kordatos K, Hsu WK (1997) Nature 388:52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen Y, Shaw DT, Guo L (2000) Appl Phys Lett 76:2469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lin JH, Chen CS, Ma HL, Chang CW, Hsu CY, Chen HW (2008) Carbon 46:1619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rantonen NJK, Toyabe T, Maekawa T (2008) Carbon 46:1225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fernandez Y, Fidalgo B, Dominguez A, Arenillas A, Menendez JA (2007) Carbon 45:1706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fidalgo B, Fernandez Y, Zubizarreta L, Arenillas A, Dominguez A, Pis JJ, Menendez JA (2008) Appl Surf Sci 254:3553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ajiayan PM, Nugent JM, Siegel RW, Wei B, Kohler-Redlich PH (2000) Nature 404:243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jung YJ, Wei BQ, Nugent J, Ajiayan PM (2001) Carbon 39:2195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Roy D, Chhowalla M, Wang H, Sano N, Alexandrou I, Clyne TW, Amaratunga GAJ (2003) Chem Phys Lett 373(1–2):52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li Y, Zhang XB, Shen LH, Luo JH, Tao XY, Liu F, Xu GL, Wang YW, Geise HJ, Van Tendeloo G (2004) Chem Phys Lett 398(1–3):276CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongju Fu
    • 1
  • Xierong Zeng
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Fei Deng
    • 1
  • Hongchao Sheng
    • 1
  • Jizhou Zou
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityShannxiChina
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Special Functional MaterialsShenzhenChina

Personalised recommendations