Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 953–960 | Cite as

Fabrication of sandwich-structured ZnO/reduced graphite oxide composite and its photocatalytic properties

  • Xiaogang Chen
  • Yunqiu HeEmail author
  • Qiong Zhang
  • Linjiang Li
  • Donghu Hu
  • Ting Yin


ZnO/RGO (ZnO/Reduced Graphite Oxide) composites with sandwich structure (layered structure) were synthesized at relatively low temperature (60 °C) using ZnSO4 and GO (Graphite Oxide) as precursors. Compared with pure ZnO, ZnO/RGO composites showed greatly enhanced-UV photocatalytic activity for the degradation of the organic dye methyl orange (MO). The structure and morphology of as-prepared samples have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), etc. ZnO/RGO composites had a sandwich structure, which would be enhanced when exfoliated GO was used. During the formation the composites, GO was reduced to RGO (graphite-like carbon named as Reduced Graphite Oxide, RGO). The groups which exist in GO (such as C=O, C–O–C) disappeared or obviously weakened, while the groups similar to those in graphite (such as C=C) appeared at the same time. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of ZnO/RGO showed a significant decline compared to that of pure ZnO, which suggests that the recombination of excited electron–hole pair (e–h+) may be efficiently inhibited by the transfer of electrons to the carbon neighbor. The enhanced-photocatalytic activity for ZnO/RGO can be attributed to the migration effect of photoinduced electrons on the interface of RGO and ZnO. The photocorrosion effect of ZnO was found to be evidently suppressed according to Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP).


Photocatalytic Activity Methyl Orange Degradation Efficiency Graphite Oxide Sandwich Structure 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 50672066).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaogang Chen
    • 1
  • Yunqiu He
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qiong Zhang
    • 1
  • Linjiang Li
    • 1
  • Donghu Hu
    • 1
  • Ting Yin
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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