Influence of reactive compatibilizers on the rheometrical and mechanical properties of PA6/LDPE and PA6/HDPE blends
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In this work, the influence of reactive compatibilizers on the rheometrical and mechanical properties of polyamide 6/low density polyethylene (PA6/LDPE) and polyamide 6/high density polyethylene (PA6/HDPE) blends was investigated. Polyethylene grafted with maleic anhydride (PEgMA), polyethylene grafted with acrylic acid (PEgAA), and ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (EMA-GMA) were used as compatibilizers. The blends were characterized by torque rheometry, mechanical properties, and morphology. Rheometrical properties results show that PEgMA and PEgAA compatibilizers are more reactive with PA6 than EMA-GMA. Mechanical properties and scanning electron microscopy analysis results show that EMA-GMA compatibilizer is as effective as PEgMA and PEgAA for PA6/LDPE blend. For PA6/HDPE blend, PEgAA and EMA-GMA compatibilizers proved to be as effective as PEgMA. For PA6/HDPE blend compatibilized with PEgAA, an intriguing “web” or “bridge” like structure was observed.
KeywordsDisperse Phase Impact Strength Injection Molding HDPE LDPE
The authors thank Rhodia for providing PA6, Braskem for providing LDPE and HDPE, Crompton for providing PEgAA and PEgMA, Arkema for providing EMA-GMA, and CNPq for financial support.