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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 268–270 | Cite as

Influence of fiber aspect ratio and orientation on the dielectric properties of polymer-based nanocomposites

  • Ricardo SimoesEmail author
  • Jaime Silva
  • Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
  • Richard Vaia
Letter

The addition of carbon nanotubes (CNT) to a polymeric matrix affects its mechanical and electrical properties. The changes can be significant even at small volume fractions of the reinforcement. The electrical properties are particularly sensitive to the CNT concentration. It is believed that the origin of this effect is the formation of a network of highly conductive CNTs forming preferential pathways for the electrical current to flow through. The CNT concentration, aspect ratio (AR), and dispersion are expected to affect the material response [1, 2, 3, 4]. Because of the complexity of the problem and the lack of fundamental understanding on the underlying phenomena, computer simulations can provide useful insights.

The focus in the past years has been on statistical models to determine the percolation threshold. The percolation threshold or the concentration where an infinite cluster appears [ 5] can be predicted for high aspect ratio fillers in the framework of the excluded volume...

Keywords

Dielectric Constant Aspect Ratio Percolation Threshold Lower Dielectric Constant Vinylidene Fluoride 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Effort sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Air Force Material Command, USAF, under grant number FA8655-06-1-3009. The U.S Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purpose notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon. We acknowledge also the Foundation for Science and Technology, Lisbon, through the 3° Quadro Comunitario de Apoio, the POCTI and FEDER programs, and the PTDC/CTM/69316/2006 grant.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Simoes
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jaime Silva
    • 1
    • 3
  • Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
    • 3
  • Richard Vaia
    • 4
  1. 1.IPC-Institute for Polymers and CompositesUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  2. 2.Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and AveBarcelosPortugal
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  4. 4.Air Force Research LaboratoriesDaytonUSA

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