Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 23, pp 6294–6301 | Cite as

Time programming of material’s properties via self-irradiation phenomena

  • Valeriy A. LuchnikovEmail author


We consider theoretically programming of ageing processes in materials over large time intervals via the introduction of small quantities of unstable nuclei in a material’s structure. Incorporation of minuscule amounts of radio-active species (e.g. carbon-14, tritium) in the structure of polymers, such as polytetrafluoroethylene, can be used for presetting self-decomposition of plastic products to a certain term. Radio-decay of unstable nuclei embedded in conductive polymers and dielectrics might enable the design of electrical resistors and capacitors with time-dependent characteristics. Relaxation of internal mechanical stresses, amorphization and swelling driven by self-irradiation can be used for programming configurations of mechanical systems over large terms (from years to thousands of years). Implementations of the time-programmed materials and their possible applications are discussed.


Uranium Polyaniline Tritium Plutonium PTFE 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Science des Matériaux de MulhouseLRC 7228 CNRS & Université de Haute AlsaceMulhouseFrance

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