Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 17, pp 4692–4699 | Cite as

Development of an experimental technique to assess the permeability of metal coated polymer films

  • Géraldine Garnier
  • Yves Brechet
  • Lionel FlandinEmail author
Article

Abstract

The experimental time required to measure water vapour permeability of barrier film using the cup method is extremely long. In this study, a new technique is proposed, based on light transmission. This fast and accurate method was first validated using model films constituted of aluminized PET (polyethylene terephthalate) with aluminium layers of different thicknesses (<100 nm). It was possible to show that the ‘illuminating’ method could advantageously be employed to control the film’s barrier properties during their fabrication. In a second step, the method was tentatively used to measure the changes in barrier properties over time, when the samples are submitted to severe hydrothermal ageing (70 °C, 90% relative humidity [RH]). It was concluded that the complex degradation mechanism prevents accurate measurement while ageing.

Keywords

Ageing Time Barrier Property Water Vapour Permeance Water Vapour Transmission Rate Inorganic Layer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly financed by ANR (French Agence Nationale de la Recherche) through the BARISOL Prebat Project overviewed by ADEME (Agence De l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Energie, French Agency for Environment and Energy Management). We specially thank Francine Roussel-Dherbey of CMTC, Consortium des Moyens Technologiques Communs (38, France), for technical support with SEM images and François Dominique Menneteau of CSTB (38, France), for technical support with permeability cup measurements.

References

  1. 1.
    IEA Annex 39, final report (2005) High performance thermal insulation in building and building systems. Online at https://doi.org/www.vip-bau.ch
  2. 2.
    Brunner S, Gasser P, Simmler H, Wakili K (2006) Surf Coat Technol 20:5908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ullsten N, Hedenqvist M (2003) Polym Test 22:291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chatham H (1996) Surf Coat Technol 78:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    da Silva Sobrinho A, Czeremuszkin G, Latrèche M, Dennler G, Wertheimer M (1999) Surf Coat Technol 116–119:1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rochat G, Leterrier Y, Fayet P, Mansona J (2005) Surf Coat Technol 200:2236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cros B, Vallat M, Despaux G (1998) Appl Surf Sci 126:159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Métayer M, Labbé M, Marais S, Langevin D, Chappey C, Dreux F, Brainville M, Belliard P (1999) Polym Test 18:533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Petit-Boileau S (2003). PhD thesis, Université Paris 6Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rasband W (1997) NIH ImageJ is a free processing software developed at National Institutes of HealthGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Degiron A, Lezec H, Yamamoto N, Ebbesen TW (2004) Opt Commun 239:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Degiron A, Ebbesen TW (2004) Opt Express 12:16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tian L, Frisbie S, Bernussi A, Holtz M (2007) J Appl Phys 101:014303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Popov E, Nevière M, Boyer P, Bonod N (2005) Opt Commun 255:338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xiao M, Rakov NJ (2003) Phys Condens Matter 15:L133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Carlsson K (2005) Biomed. X-Ray Phys. Compendium compiled for courseGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Goossens ELJ, van der Zanden AJJ, van der Spoel WH (2004) Prog Org Coat 49:270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Garnier G, Yrieix B, Bréchet Y, Flandin L (2009) Influence of structural features on the physical properties of ultra thin aluminium coatings on poly(ethylene terephtalate). PhD thesis, INPGrenoble Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Garnier G, Marouani S, Yrieix B, Pompéo C, Chauvois M, Flandin L, Bréchet, Y (2009) Interest and durability of multilayers: from model films to complex films. PhD thesis, INPGrenobleCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Géraldine Garnier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yves Brechet
    • 1
  • Lionel Flandin
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.SIMAPGrenoble-INPSaint Martin d’HèresFrance
  2. 2.LMOPS, UMR CNRS 5041Université de SavoieLe Bourget du LacFrance

Personalised recommendations