Confined palladium colloids in mesoporous frameworks for carbon nanotube growth
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Palladium colloidal nanoparticles with an average size of approximately 2.4 nm have been incorporated into mesoporous inorganic thin films following a multistep approach. This involves the deposition of mesoporous titania thin films with a thickness of 200 nm by spin-coating on titanium plates with a superhydrophilic titania outer layer and activation by calcination in a vacuum furnace at 573 K. Nanoparticles have been confined within the porous titania network by dip-coating noble metal suspensions onto these mesoporous thin films. Finally, the resulting nanoconfined systems were used as substrates for the growth of oriented carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition at 923 K in order to enhance their surface area. These CNTs were tested in the hydrogenation of phenylacetylene by hydrogen in a batch reactor. The initial reaction rate observed on a CNT/TiO2 structured catalyst was considerably higher than that on 1 wt% Pd/TiO2 thin films.
KeywordsTiO2 Thin Film Phenylacetylene Titanium Substrate Titania Film Mesoporous TiO2
The authors would like to acknowledge the European Commission (NOE EXCELL NMP3-CT-2005-515703), the British Research Council, and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (Projects PPS-888 and PPS-894) for financial support. The authors would also like to acknowledge MSc. Lidia Protasova for her kind help with the ethanol adsorption isotherms analysis.
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