Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 24, pp 6553–6562 | Cite as

Synthesis of ordered mesoporous Pd/carbon catalyst with bimodal pores and its application in water-mediated Ullmann coupling reaction of chlorobenzene

  • Haiyan Wang
  • Ying WanEmail author
Mesostructured Materials


Heterogeneous palladium catalysts have been supported on the ordered mesoporous carbons (Pd/OMC) with bimodal pores which are prepared by the surfactant-templating approach. Characterization using XRD, TEM, XPS, H2 chemisorption, and N2 sorption techniques reveals that the Pd/OMC catalysts have the ordered 2-D hexagonal mesostructure (space group of p6mm), extremely high surface areas (~1800 m2/g), large pore volumes (~1.64 cm3/g), bimodal pores (6.3 nm of primary mesopores and 1.7 nm of secondary mesopores inside the pore walls), hydrophobic carbon surface, and small metal particles well-dispersed inside the secondary small mesopores. This catalyst exhibits a high yield of 43% for biphenyl from the Ullmann coupling reaction of chlorobenzene in water at 100 °C without assistance of any phase transfer catalyst and can be reused up to 10 times, providing potential opportunities for industrial applications such as coupling and hydrogenation reactions.


Chlorobenzene Pore Wall Triblock Copolymer Mesoporous Carbon Phase Transfer Catalyst 



This work was supported by NSF of China (20873086 and 20821140537), Shanghai Sci. & Tech. and Edu. Committee (07QH14011, 07SG49, S30406, 0852nm0090 and 08JC1417100), and the program for New Century Excellent Talents in Universities (NCET-07-0560).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryShanghai Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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