Antifungal efficiency of corona pretreated polyester and polyamide fabrics loaded with Ag nanoparticles
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This study discusses the possibility of using the corona (electric discharge at atmospheric pressure) treatment for fiber surface activation that can facilitate the loading of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) from colloids onto the polyester and polyamide fabrics and thus enhance their antifungal activity against Candida albicans. The laundering durability of achieved effects and the influence of dyeing of fabrics with disperse dyes on their antifungal efficiency were studied. The morphology of fibers loaded with Ag nanoparticles was characterized by SEM whereas X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used for the evaluation of surface chemical changes. Corona pretreated polyester and polyamide fabrics loaded with Ag nanoparticles showed better antifungal properties compared to untreated fabrics. The advantage of corona treated fabrics became even more prominent after washing test, particularly for polyester fabrics. Antifungal efficiency of polyester and polyamide fabrics loaded with Ag nanoparticles were almost unaffected by dyeing process.
KeywordsPolyamide Fabric Laundering Durability Antifungal Efficiency Fungal Reduction Symmetric Surface Plasmon
The financial support for this study was provided by the Ministry of Science of Republic of Serbia (project 142066) and Eureka project NANOVISION E! 4043. We gratefully acknowledge M. Bokorov (University of Novi Sad, Serbia) for providing SEM measurements.
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