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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 13, pp 3520–3527 | Cite as

Effect of deposition parameters on microstructure of electrodeposited nickel thin films

  • Amaresh Chandra Mishra
  • Awalendra K. ThakurEmail author
  • V. Srinivas
Article

Abstract

Nickel thin films were prepared using electrodeposition process on a copper substrate. The effect of deposition parameters on film microstructure has been investigated with and without an organic additive (saccharin). Electrodeposition has been carried out using direct current electrodeposition (DCED) method and pulsed electrodeposition (PED) method. Significant reduction in crystallite size has been observed with the increase in saccharin concentration (~10 g/L) irrespective of the electrodeposition method. In PED, it has been observed that an increase in pulse width causes a drastic reduction in crystallite dimension (~15 nm) of the deposited Ni-film. Further PED process yielded needle-shaped Ni grains under controlled process conditions unlike in DCED, where spherical grain structure was observed in the micrographs. However, these needle-shaped grains change their microstructure on addition of saccharin to the bath. A phenomenological model is presented to explain the observed microstructural changes.

Keywords

Crystallite Size Saccharin Nickel Film Pulse Electrodeposition Film Microstructure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Amaresh Chandra Mishra would like to thank Council of scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for providing financial assistance for carrying out this study. This study was partially supported by the Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO), New Delhi, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amaresh Chandra Mishra
    • 1
  • Awalendra K. Thakur
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Srinivas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics & MeteorologyIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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