Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 13, pp 3508–3513 | Cite as

Production and characteristics of glass-ceramics derived from manganese crust tailings

  • Terry LayEmail author
  • Maria Rockwell
  • Philippe Westreich


Glass-ceramics have been produced via vitrification from manganese crust tailings with over 23% reduction in tailings volume. The crystalline behaviour of parent glass and glass-ceramics were investigated using DTA, TGA, XRD, and SEM/EDS. XRD analysis revealed that the major crystalline phase was iron manganese oxide. The Vickers microhardness (Hv) was 9.74 MPa, the indentation strength (Kc) was 1.88 Mpa m1/2, and elastic modulus (E) was 140 MPa. The properties of the glass-ceramic compared well with known research and industrial glass-ceramic materials. Results suggest that manganese crust tailings have potential to be vitrified into useful, marketable glass-ceramic materials.


Borax Nucleate Temperature Sodium Tetra Borate Surface Crystallization Parent Glass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Numerous measurements were performed using equipment made available by Dr. Jeff Dahn of the Department of Physics and Atmospheric Sciences at Dalhousie University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Resource EngineeringDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Atmospheric ScienceDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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