Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 13, pp 3466–3471 | Cite as

ZrO2 foams for porous radiant burners

  • Sergio Yesid GómezEmail author
  • J. A. Escobar
  • O. A. Alvarez
  • C. R. Rambo
  • A. P. Novaes de Oliveira
  • D. Hotza


In this work, Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) foams with low relative density were developed through the replication method, for application as porous radiant burners. The ceramic foams were produced by impregnation of open-cell polyurethane foams with aqueous suspensions and different fractions of raw materials: ZrO2–8% Y2O3 (8YSZ) powder, and additives. The materials were milled for 10–40 min. The impregnated foams were dried and submitted to a heat treatment for polyurethane elimination at 1000 °C for 1 h, with subsequent sintering of the remaining ceramic structure at 1600 °C for 2 h, which resulted in YSZ foams with low relative density (0.07). The structural analysis revealed a cellular structure with an average mechanical strength of 95.6 kPa. The radiation efficiency (>19%) was obtained by tests with different air/fuel ratio. The ceramic matrixes exhibited high performance and structural integrity at high operation temperatures (1400 °C).


Foam Equivalence Ratio Polyurethane Foam Ceramic Structure Ceramic Foam 
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The authors are grateful to Capes and CNPq/Brazil for funding this work. The authors are equally grateful to labCET (UFSC) for their collaboration with the porous burner’s test.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Yesid Gómez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. A. Escobar
    • 1
  • O. A. Alvarez
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. R. Rambo
    • 3
  • A. P. Novaes de Oliveira
    • 3
  • D. Hotza
    • 3
  1. 1.Group of Materials and Manufacture (CIPP-CIPEM), Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Los AndesBogotaColombia
  2. 2.Design of Products and Processes Group (GDPP), Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of los AndesBogotaColombia
  3. 3.Group of Ceramic and Glass Materials (CERMAT), Departments of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering (EQA/EMC)Federal University of Santa Catarina—UFSCFlorianópolisBrazil

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