Microstructure and mechanical properties of nanolayered W/W–C thin films
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The present study reports on the mechanical and structural properties of W/W–C multilayered thin films with bilayer periods Λ ranging from 2.5 to 100 nm. Films were grown by reactive sputtering radio frequency on Si (100) substrate. X-ray diffraction (XRD), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and X-ray reflectivity were used to globally characterise the multilayers structure. Hardness and Young modulus have been determined using nanoindentation with a Berkovich tip. The XRD and the GIXRD diagrams revealed the presence of three phases: WC1−x randomly oriented, W2C with (100) preferred orientation and W with (110) preferred orientation. An increase in hardness is observed with decreasing period Λ, reaching a maximum value of ~26 GPa at Λ = 2.5 nm.
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