The coatings were deposited by reactive plasma spraying (RPS) in air and low-pressure plasma spraying (LPPS) based on the reaction between Ti and B4C powder, respectively. The thermal spray powder of Ti and B4C added with powder Cr (metallic binder) in air is compared with that without powder Cr addition in the low pressure. (Prior to deposition, the powder was screened and separated for RPS whereas spray drying, sintering and sieving were done for LPPS.) The phase composition and the microstructure of coatings were studied by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The anti-corrosion property of coatings was also investigated. It is found that the coating prepared by RPS, which is more densification, is composed of TiN, TiB2, and a small phase fraction of titanium oxides. The composition of the coating deposited by reactive LPPS is TiB2, Ti(C, N), Ti4N3−x and impurity phase of Ti5Si3. There is no appearance of titanium oxides in low pressure. The coatings have the typical lamellar structure and adhere to the bond coating well. The mean Vickers microhardness value of the coating deposited by RPS is higher than that of the coating deposited by LPPS. Furthermore, the corrosion resistance of the coating deposited by RPS is superior to that of the coating prepared by LPPS in near neutral 3.5 wt% NaCl electrolyte.
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This study was financially supported by the Opening fund Program of China (No. KFJJ07-2). The authors are grateful to Mr. H. Ji and Mr. X. M Zhu for depositing of coatings, and the XRD analysis by Mr. H. B. Han for in the instrumental analysis centre of Shanghai Jiaotong University. The authors are also thankful for the hard work of editors and reviewers on this article.