Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2489–2496 | Cite as

Preparation of mullite-based iron magnetic nanocomposite powders by reduction of solid solution

  • Hao WangEmail author
  • Tohru Sekino
  • Koichi Niihara
  • Zhengyi Fu


In this article, the preparation of mullite-based iron magnetic nanocomposite powders by hydrogen reduction of Fe-doped mullite solid solution with a nominal composition of Al5.4Fe0.6Si2O13 is reported. The formation process of Al5.4Fe0.6Si2O13 solid solution was analyzed using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrum (FT-IR), thermogravimetric, and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). It is found that doping with Fe3+ cation affects the crystallization temperature of mullite. During the hydrogen reduction process, more than 89% Fe3+ cation in solid solution were transformed into α-Fe phase when reduction temperature reached 1200 °C. Microstructure characterization of nanocomposite powders reduced at 1300 °C reveals that there are two types of α-Fe particles in mullite matrix. Fe nanoparticles with a size of approximately 10 nm were precipitated within the mullite grains, while Fe particles larger than hundreds of nanometers were located at the surfaces of the mullite grains. The measurement of the magnetic properties of nanocomposite powders indicates that large particles and nanoparticles of α-iron have the ferromagnetic and superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature, respectively.


Calcination Temperature Reduction Temperature Iron Nanoparticles Iron Phase Nanocomposite Powder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



H. Wang acknowledges the financial support form the program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-05-0658) and the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry and A3 Foresight Program from Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC No. 50821140308).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tohru Sekino
    • 2
  • Koichi Niihara
    • 3
  • Zhengyi Fu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and ProcessingWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced MaterialsTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Extreme Energy-Density Research InstituteNagaoka University of TechnologyNiigataJapan

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