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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2435–2443 | Cite as

Developments of lithium-ion batteries and challenges of LiFePO4 as one promising cathode material

  • Zhihua LiEmail author
  • Duanming Zhang
  • Fengxia Yang
Review

Abstract

Developments and developing trends of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are summarized first: it is proposed that solid thin film microbatteries and large-scale all-solid-state rechargeable LIBs are the two main developing tendencies. Meanwhile, cost and safety issues are the primary limitations to improve advanced LIBs with excellent electrochemical performance. Next, one of the most promising cathode materials, LiFePO4, is introduced in detail. Advantages and drawbacks of LiFePO4 as cathode active material are analyzed, then, main approaches to circumvent its drawbacks proposed by many groups are also summarized. In addition, some mechanism investigations on this cathode material presently and challenging problems waiting for solutions before LiFePO4 can be commercialized are also discussed in this review.

Keywords

Electrochemical Performance Cathode Material LiFePO4 Carbon Coating FePO4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China under Grant Number NSF10604017. I am grateful to Arnold Allenic for his help during writing this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PhysicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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