Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 2466–2470 | Cite as

Microstructure, electrical properties of CeO2-doped (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

  • Daojiang GaoEmail author
  • K. W. Kwok
  • Dunmin Lin
  • H. L. W. Chan


CeO2-doped K0.5Na0.5NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics have been fabricated by a conventional ceramic fabrication technique. The ceramics retain the orthorhombic perovskite structure at low doping levels (<1 mol.%). Our results also demonstrate that the Ce-doping can suppress the grain growth, promote the densification, decrease the ferroelectric–paraelectric phase transition temperature (TC), and improve the dielectric and piezoelectric properties. For the ceramic doped with 0.75 mol.% CeO2, the dielectric and piezoelectric properties become optimum: piezoelectric coefficient d33 = 130 pC/N, planar electromechanical coupling coefficient kp = 0.38, relative permittivity εr = 820, and loss tangent tanδ = 3%.


CeO2 Piezoelectric Property Optimal Sinter Temperature Orthorhombic Perovskite Structure BNKT Ceramic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Project No. PolyU 5188/06E) and the Centre for Smart Materials of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daojiang Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. W. Kwok
    • 1
  • Dunmin Lin
    • 1
  • H. L. W. Chan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics and Materials Research CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonHong Kong, China

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