Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1687–1703

Failure mechanisms of thermal barrier coatings on MCrAlY-type bondcoats associated with the formation of the thermally grown oxide

  • Dmitry Naumenko
  • Vladimir Shemet
  • Lorenz Singheiser
  • Willem Josef Quadakkers
Interface Science in Thermal Barrier Coatings


The effect of the thermally grown oxide (TGO) formation on the lifetime of the thermal barrier coatings (TBC) with MCrAlY-bondcoats (BC) is reviewed. A number of factors affecting the TGO-formation and TBC-failure are discussed including the coating microstructure, geometrical (coating roughness and thickness) and processing parameters. Under given testing conditions for a specific EB-PVD-TBC-system forming a flat, uniform alumina TGO a critical TGO-thickness for TBC-failure can be defined. This TGO-morphology is, however, not necessarily optimum for obtaining long TBC-lifetime, which can be extended by formation of TGO’s with an uneven TGO/BC interface. In contrast, APS-TBC-systems are prone to formation of intrinsically inhomogeneous TGO-morphologies. This is attributed to non-uniform depletion of Y and Al underneath rough MCrAlY-surfaces as well as due to the commonly observed repeated-cracking/re-growth of the TGO during temperature cycling. The latter phenomenon depends on the exposure temperature and the mechanical properties of the APS-TBC. In both types of TBC-systems the TGO-formation and TBC-lifetime appear to be very sensitive to the manufacturing parameters, such as vacuum quality during bondcoat spraying and temperature regime of the bondcoat vacuum heat-treatment.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry Naumenko
    • 1
  • Vladimir Shemet
    • 1
  • Lorenz Singheiser
    • 1
  • Willem Josef Quadakkers
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJuelichGermany

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