Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1894–1901 | Cite as

Bactericidal functionalization of wrinkle-free fabrics via covalently bonding TiO2@Ag nanoconjugates

  • C. Yang
  • G. L. Liang
  • K. M. Xu
  • P. GaoEmail author
  • B. Xu


A simple technique is first developed to functionalize the durable-press all-cotton fabrics by grafting silver anchored TiO2 (P25) nanoconjugates through enediol ligand-metal oxide bonding and resin dehydration. The functionalization is incorporated into a conventional pad-dry-cure process. The treatment ensures the nanoconjugates are covalently bonded to the substrate fabric materials (cotton cellulose). We tested the bactericidal activity of these surface-modified fabric samples after repeated laundries, using the waterborne Escherichia coli bacteria. Strong inhibition results were observed on the TiO2@Ag treated samples than using bare TiO2 alone. After 60 min of sunlight irradiation, the overall bactericidal efficiency reached 96% after 7.5 h culturing. After 60 min of artificial solar light irradiation, the overall bactericidal efficiency reached 99%. Our observations suggest that the enediol linkage can be an effective candidate to graft functional metal oxide nanoconjugates onto a variety of fabric surfaces via a conventional pad-dry-cure process.


TiO2 Silver Nanoparticles Cotton Fabric Fabric Sample TiO2 Nanoparticles 



This research was supported by ITF, grant no. UIM109 (The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology).


  1. 1.
    Mahltig B, Haufe H, Bottcher H (2005) J Mater Chem 15:4385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Qi KH, Daoud WA, Xin JH, Mak CL, Tang WZ, Cheung WP (2006) J Mater Chem 16:4567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Qi KH, Chen XQ, Liu YY, Xin JH, Mak CL, Daoud WA (2007) J Mater Chem 17:3504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tarimala S, Kothari N, Abidi N, Hequet E, Fralick J, Dai LL (2006) J Appl Polym Sci 101:2938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tiller JC, Liao CJ, Lewis K, Klibanov AM (2001) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:5981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Onar N, Sariisik M (2004) J Appl Polym Sci 93:2903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Oktem T (2003) Color Technol 119:241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lee HY, Park HK, Lee YM, Kim K, Park SB (2007) Chem Commun 2959Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Klueh U, Wagner V, Kelly S, Johnson A, Bryers JD (2000) J Biomed Mater Res 53:621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kittinaovarat S, Kantuptim P, Singhaboonponp T (2006) J Appl Polym Sci 100:1372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hong KH, Sun G (2007) J Appl Polym Sci 106:2661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gao Y, Cranston R (2008) Text Res J 78:60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    El-Tahlawy KF, El-Bendary MA, Elhendawy AG, Hudson SM (2005) Carbohyd Polym 60:421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cen L, Neoh KG, Kang ET (2004) J Biomed Mater Res A 71A:70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fir M, Vince J, Vuk AS, Vilcnik A, Jovanovski V, Mali G, Orel B, Simoncic B (2007) Acta Chim Slov 54:144Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang CC, Chen CC (2005) Appl Catal A Gen 293:171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sunada K, Kikuchi Y, Hashimoto K, Fujishima A (1998) Environ Sci Technol 32:726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Maness PC, Smolinski S, Blake DM, Huang Z, Wolfrum EJ, Jacoby WA (1999) Appl Environ Microbiol 65:4094Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Amezaga-Madrid P, Silveyra-Morales R, Cordoba-Fierro L, Nevarez-Moorillon GV, Miki-Yoshida M, Orrantia-Borunda E, Solis FJ (2003) J Photochem Photobiol B 70:45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Daoud WA, Xin JH (2004) J Am Ceram Soc 87:953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    de Oliveira AL, Wolf A, Schuth F (2001) Catal Lett 73:157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Linsebigler AL, Lu GQ, Yates JT (1995) Chem Rev 95:735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kamat PV (1993) Chem Rev 93:267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rolison DR (2003) Science 299:1698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jakob M, Levanon H, Kamat PV (2003) Nano Lett 3:353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cozzoli PD, Fanizza E, Comparelli R, Curri ML, Agostiano A, Laub D (2004) J Phys Chem B 108:9623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hirakawa T, Kamat PV (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:3928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yang ZX, Wu RQ, Goodman DW (2000) Phys Rev B 61:14066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Valden M, Lai X, Goodman DW (1998) Science 281:1647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sun B, Vorontsov AV, Smirniotis PG (2003) Langmuir 19:3151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tada H, Teranishi K, Inubushi Y, Ito S (1998) Chem Commun 2345Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wood A, Giersig M, Mulvaney P (2001) J Phys Chem B 105:8810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Subramanian V, Wolf EE, Kamat PV (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:4943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Subramanian V, Wolf EE, Kamat PV (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:7479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhang LZ, Yu JC, Yip HY, Li Q, Kwong KW, Xu AW, Wong PK (2003) Langmuir 19:10372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Rajh T, Chen LX, Lukas K, Liu T, Thurnauer MC, Tiede DM (2002) J Phys Chem B 106:10543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Book of ASTM standards (1969) American Society for Testing and Materials, part 25, Philadelphia, p 102Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Book of ASTM standards (1969) American Society for Testing and Materials, part 25, Philadelphia, p 579Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Fan SQ, Li CJ, Li CX, Liu GJ, Yang GJ, Zhang LZ (2006) p 1703Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Claus P, Hofmeister H (1999) J Phys Chem B 103:2766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Rajh T, Nedeljkovic JM, Chen LX, Poluektov O, Thurnauer MC (1999) J Phys Chem B 103:3515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Yu JC, Tang HY, Yu JG, Chan HC, Zhang LZ, Xie YD, Wang H, Wong SP (2002) J Photochem Photobiol A 153:211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Xu CJ, Xu KM, Gu HW, Zheng RK, Liu H, Zhang XX, Guo ZH, Xu B (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:9938CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Yang
    • 1
  • G. L. Liang
    • 1
  • K. M. Xu
    • 2
  • P. Gao
    • 2
    Email author
  • B. Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringThe Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations