The morphotropic phase boundary and electrical properties of (1 − x)Pb(Zn1/2W1/2)O3–xPb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3 ceramics
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Ceramics in the solid solution of (1 − x)Pb(Zn1/2W1/2)O3–xPb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3 system, with x = 0.80, 0.85, 0.90, and 0.95, were synthesized with the solid-state reaction technique. The perovskite phase formation in the sintered ceramics was analyzed with X-ray diffraction. It shows that the rhombohedral and the tetragonal phases coexist in the ceramic with x = 0.90, indicating the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) within this pseudo-binary system. Dielectric and ferroelectric properties measurements indicate that the transition temperature decreases while the remanent polarization increases with the addition of Pb(Zn1/2W1/2)O3. In the composition of x = 0.85 which is close to the MPB in the rhombohedral side, a high piezoelectric property with d33 = 222 pC/N was observed.
KeywordsPerovskite Piezoelectric Property Ferroelectric Property Morphotropic Phase Boundary Remanent Polarization
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation through the CAREER grant DMR-0346819 and the Thailand Research Fund (TRF), the Commission on Higher Education (CHE), and the Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.