Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1192–1197 | Cite as

Surface-type multifunctional sensor based on 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4′-isopropylphenyl) porphyrin

  • Muhammad Saleem
  • Muhammad H. SayyadEmail author
  • Khasan S. Karimov
  • Muhammad Yaseen
  • Mukhtar Ali


In this study, an organic semiconductor 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4′-isopropylphenyl) porphyrin (TIPP) was synthesized and investigated as an active material in surface-type multifunctional sensor. As electrodes, 100 nm thick Ag films were deposited on 25 mm × 25 mm glass substrate with 40 μm gap between them. Thin film of TIPP of area 15 mm × 15 mm was thermally sublimed to cover the gap between the silver electrodes. Thickness of TIPP film was 100 nm. A change in electrical resistance and capacitance of the fabricated device was observed with the increase in relative humidity (RH), temperature, and illumination. Hysteresis, response, and recovery times were investigated over a wide range of RH (0–94%). Activation energy of the TIPP was estimated. An equivalent circuit of the Ag/TIPP/Ag humidity, temperature, and illumination sensor was developed. Humidity, temperature, illumination dependent capacitive, and resistive properties of this sensor make it promising for use in a humidity, temperature, and lux multi-meters.


Porphyrin Organic Semiconductor Humidity Sensor Capacitive Sensor Copper Phthalocyanine 



Authors wish to acknowledge GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology for the support extended to this study. Two of us, Muhammad Saleem and Muhammad Yaseen, are pleased to acknowledge Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for the fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Saleem
    • 1
  • Muhammad H. Sayyad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khasan S. Karimov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Muhammad Yaseen
    • 3
  • Mukhtar Ali
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering Sciences (FES)Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and TechnologyTopiPakistan
  2. 2.Physical Technical Institute of Academy of SciencesDushanbeTajikistan
  3. 3.Institute of ChemistryUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Government College of ScienceLahorePakistan

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