Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1664–1675 | Cite as

Environmental stability of the YSZ layer and the YSZ/TGO interface of an in-service EB-PVD coated high-pressure turbine blade

  • Wolfgang BraueEmail author
Interface Science in Thermal Barrier Coatings


Hot corrosion of an in-service EB-PVD coated 1st stage high-pressure turbine (HPT) blade following an interactive CaSO4 infiltration/CMAS deposition process has produced reactive interfaces with the yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) top coat and the TGO layer which were investigated by analytical scanning and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Despite complete CaSO4 infiltration of the coating macroscopic damage of the airfoil was confined to the pressure surface close to the trailing edge. Since the bulk composition of the CaSO4/CMAS deposits exhibited a high lime-to-silica ratio CaSO4/CMAS/YSZ interfaces typically involved a Ca–Zr-rich layer followed by fine-grained Ca-FSZ particles enveloping rounded YSZ column tips. No interfacial reaction was observed between the YSZ column walls and the CaSO4 pore fillings. Possible terms for the formation of this unique CaSO4/CMAS microstructure are evaluated. Zirconia destabilization upon hot corrosion is discussed in the light of phase compatibilities in the systems CaO–Y2O3–ZrO2 and CaO–ZrO2–SiO2 and put into perspective with previous work on both, natural and synthetic hot corrosion deposits.


CaSO4 Bond Coat Yttria Stabilize Zirconia Thermally Grown Oxide Coat Interface 



C. W. Siry, O. Schubert, and T. Fischer of Lufthansa Technik AG, Power Plant Services-Engine Parts Repair, Hamburg, Germany are gratefully acknowledged for supplying the airfoil and their continuous support. The helpful discussions with DLR colleagues U. Schulz, K. Fritscher, C. Leyens, and P. Mechnich as well as the technical assistance from R. Borath are very much appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Aerospace Center (DLR), Materials Research InstituteCologneGermany

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