Synthesis, structural characterization, and photocatalytic properties of iron-doped TiO2 aerogels
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- Popa, M., Diamandescu, L., Vasiliu, F. et al. J Mater Sci (2009) 44: 358. doi:10.1007/s10853-008-3147-3
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Fe(III)-doped TiO2 aerogels are prepared by acid catalyzed sol–gel method followed by supercritical drying, and then heat treatment. Raman spectra together with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns of the iron-doped TiO2 aerogel samples revealed the existence of both anatase and brookite crystalline phases. It was found that the brookite phase formation is favored by the increase of the iron content in the dried samples. XRD measurements show that the lattice constant c of anatase phase decreases with the dopant addition, while the value of a remains essentially unchanged. The microstructure of the investigated samples is relatively compact with small mesopores as revealed from transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The most enhanced photocatalytic activity was exhibited by the TiO2 aerogel sample with 1.8 at.% Fe(III) whose apparent rate constant of the salicylic acid photodegradation was found to be of almost six times higher than that of Degussa P25.