Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 392–400

Strength degradation of glass fibers at high temperatures

  • S. Feih
  • K. Manatpon
  • Z. Mathys
  • A. G. Gibson
  • A. P. Mouritz


This article presents an experimental investigation into the effects of temperature and heating time on the tensile strength and failure mechanisms of glass fibers. The loss in strength of two glass fiber types (E-glass and Advantex®, a boron-free version of E-glass) was investigated at temperatures up to 650 °C and heating times up to 2 h. The tensile properties were measured by fiber bundle testing, and the maximum strength was found to be temperature and time dependent. The higher softening point of the Advantex® fibers is reflected in superior high-temperature performance. A phenomenological model is presented for calculating the residual strength of glass fiber bundles as functions of temperature and time. The strength reduction mechanism was determined by single-fiber testing. Fracture mirror sizes on the E-glass fibers were related to the fiber strength after high-temperature treatment. Based on fracture mirror measurements, it was established that (1) the mirror constant of the glass, which reflects the network structure, does not change during heat treatment and (2) the strength degradation is a result of larger surface flaws present after heat treatment.


  1. 1.
    Feih S, Mathys Z, Gibson AG, Mouritz AP (2007) J Compos Sci Technol 67(3–4):551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Feih S, Mathys Z, Gibson AG, Mouritz AP (2007) J Compos Mater 41(19):2387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pickering SJ, Kelly RM, Kennerly JR, Rudd CD, Fenwick NJ (2000) J Compos Sci Technol 60(4):509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thomas WF (1960) Phys Chem Glasses 1(1):4Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gupta PK (1988) In: Bunsell AR (ed) Fiber reinforcements for composite materials. Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Owens Corning (2007) Advantex material data information. Owens Corning, ToledoGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zinck P, Mäder E, Gerard JF (2001) J Mater Sci 36(21):5245. doi:10.1023/A:1012410315601 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stoner EG, Edie DD, Durhan SD (1994) J Mater Sci 29(24):6561. doi:10.1007/BF00354022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Feih S, Thraner A, Lilholt H (2005) J Mater Sci 40(7):1615. doi:10.1007/s10853-005-0661-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R’Mili M, Reynaud P (2004) In: Proceedings ECCM-11 VaFTeM workshop, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thouless MD, Sbaizero O, Sigl LS, Evans AG (1989) J Am Ceram Soc 72(4):525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shand EB (1959) J Am Ceram Soc 42(10):474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mecholsky JJ, Rice RW, Freiman SW (1974) J Am Ceram Soc 57(10):440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Castilone RJ, Glaesemann GS, Hanson TA (2002) In: Matthewson MJ, Kurkjian CR (eds) Optical fiber and fiber component mechanical reliability and testing II: Proceedings of SPIE, San Jose, CA, vol 4639, pp 11–20Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wiederhorn SM (1969) J Am Ceram Soc 52(2):99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Charles RJ (1958) J Appl Phys 29(1):1549CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schmitz GK, Metcalfe AG (1966) Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev 5(1):1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Helbling CS, Karbhari VM (2008) J Reinf Plast Compos 27(6):613CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Feih
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Manatpon
    • 1
  • Z. Mathys
    • 3
  • A. G. Gibson
    • 4
  • A. P. Mouritz
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Aerospace, Mechanical & Manufacturing EngineeringRoyal Melbourne Institute of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Ltd (CRC-ACS)Fishermans BendAustralia
  3. 3.Maritime Platforms DivisionDefence Science and Technology OrganisationMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Centre for Composite Materials EngineeringUniversity of Newcastle-upon-TyneNewcastle-upon-TyneUK

Personalised recommendations