Microstructures and mechanical properties of Mg–Al–Zn–Ca alloys fabricated by high frequency electromagnetic casting method
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The microstructures and mechanical properties of AZ31 and 1 wt%Ca-containing AZ31 billets fabricated using EMC (Electromagnetic Casting) and EMS (Electromagnetic Stirring) were examined. The results show a great potential of producing high-quality surface magnesium billets with fine-grained microstructure at a relatively high casting speed. Application of EMC + EMS for production of the 1 wt%Ca-AZ31 alloy billet with a diameter of 150 mm produced a reasonably homogeneous microstructure composed of fine grains with an average size of 45 μm. Attainment of the fine-grained and homogeneous microstructure by EMC + EMS was attributed to reduction of temperature gradient and fragmentation of dendrite structure under electromagnetic force. Strength of the EMC and EMC + EMS 1 wt%Ca-AZ31 billets was higher than that of the EMC AZ31 billet due to the grain size and particle strengthening effects.
KeywordsElectromagnetic Force Mold Flux Casting Speed AZ31 Alloy Nugget Zone
The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support of Korea Energy Management Co. for this work.
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