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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 510–519 | Cite as

Transcrystallisation in PP/flax composites and its effect on interfacial and mechanical properties

  • Sanjeev Garkhail
  • Bart Wieland
  • Jayamol George
  • Nattakan Soykeabkaew
  • Ton PeijsEmail author
Article

Abstract

The effect of flax fibre reinforcement on the crystallisation behaviour of polypropylene (PP) was investigated using a hot-stage polarising optical microscope. To follow the crystallisation kinetics, crystallisation temperature and time were varied. At crystallisation temperatures between 130 and 138 °C the most uniform and thickest transcrystalline layers were formed. The effect of transcrystallisation on the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) in micro-composites was studied by the fibre pull-out test method. It was found that the IFSS of the PP/flax system is slightly decreased with the presence of a transcrystalline interphase. Finally, the influence of the formation of a transcrystalline zone on the macromechanical properties of compression moulded PP/flax composites was studied.

Keywords

Natural Fibre Flax Fibre Polarise Optical Microscope Interfacial Shear Strength Embed Length 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeev Garkhail
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bart Wieland
    • 2
  • Jayamol George
    • 2
  • Nattakan Soykeabkaew
    • 1
  • Ton Peijs
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Materials Science, Centre for Materials ResearchQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Eindhoven Polymer LaboratoriesEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands

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