Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 647–654 | Cite as

Parametric study of manufacturing poly(lactic) acid nanofibrous mat by electrospinning

Article

Abstract

Electrospinning is a versatile method for manufacturing polymer-based multi-functional and high-performance nanofibrillar network. Two important characteristics, namely minimum diameter variation and bead area, render the nanofibre mats acceptable for many membrane type applications, but the relationship between processing parameters and microstructures is still not well understood. This article outlines a systematic study via the design of experiments in the context of selecting process control parameters while electrospinning nonwoven mats of nanofibres from poly(l-lactic acid). The goals are to obtain a robust set of parameters to reduce the variation in product quality by performing the minimum number of experiments. A desirable combination has been found to be low concentration of polymer solution, low feed rate, comparatively high applied voltage and a large distance between the collector and the needle. However, a low concentration of polymer solution may result in some bead formation if other factors are not changed accordingly.

References

  1. 1.
    Hou H, Jun Z, Reuning A, Schaper A, Wendorff JH, Greiner A (2002) Macromolecules 35:2429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tan SH, Inai R, Kotaki M, Ramakrishna S (2005) Polymer 46:6128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zong X, Kim K, Fang D, Ran S, Hsiao BS, Chu B (2002) Polymer 43:4403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deitzel JM, Kleinmeyer J, Harris D, Beck Tan NC (2001) Polymer 42:261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee YH, Lee JH, An IG, Kim C, Lee DS, Lee YK, Nam JD (2005) Biomaterials 26:3165PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Park JH, Park TG, Park HS, Lee DS, Lee YK, Yoon SC, Nam JD (2003) Biomaterials 24:2773PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nam YS, Park TG (1999) J Biomed Mater Res 47:8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Reneker DH, Chun I (1996) Nanotechnology 7:216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Frenot A, Chronakis IS (2003) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 8:64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Formhals A (1934) US Patent 1975:504Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Demir MM, Yilgor I, Yilgor E, Erman B (2002) Polymer 43:3303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Park SH (1996) Robust design and analysis for quality engineering. Chapman & Hall, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Lochner RH, Matar JE (1990) Designing for quality: an introduction to the best of Taguchi and western methods of statistical experimental design. Quality Resources, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Phadke MS (1989) Quality engineering using robust design. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ross PJ (1996) Taguchi techniques for quality engineering. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fisher RA (1925) Statistical methods for research worker. Oliver & Boyd, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nalbant M, Gokkaya H, Sur G (2007) Mater Des 28:1379Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Inai R, Kotaki M, Ramakrishna S (2005) Nanotechnology 16:208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ramakrishna S, Fujihara K, Teo WE, Lim TC, Ma Z (2005) Introduction to electrospinning and nanofibers. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ghani JA, Choudhury IA, Hassan HH (2004) J Mater Process Technol 145:84CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Patra
    • 1
  • A. J. Easteal
    • 2
  • D. Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Advanced Composite MaterialsThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Centre for Advanced Composite MaterialsThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations