Role of process type and process conditions on phase content and physical properties of thermal sprayed TiO2 coatings
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Thermal spray represents an advantageous technique for depositing large-area titanium dioxide coatings that are of interest for both traditional wear-resistant coatings as well as functional applications such as photo-induced decontamination surfaces. Numerous past studies have examined the phase evolution and properties of TiO2 coatings using different thermal spray processes or parameters. In this paper, an integrated study of thermal sprayed TiO2 was conducted with different thermal spray devices and process parameters for a single feedstock powder comprising the metastable anatase phase. The aforementioned variables are correlated with in-flight particle state (particle temperature and velocity), phase evolution, and coating physical properties. The results are represented through the framework of process maps which connect process parameters with material properties. Based on the phase characterization, an initial exploration of the metastable phase evolution during thermal spray deposition of TiO2 is proposed. Furthermore, the sprayed TiO2 coatings show varying degrees of electrical conductivity associated with process-induced stoichiometric changes (vacancy generation) in the TiO2. The effects of these stoichiometric changes as well as extrinsic microstructural attributes (pores, cracks, interfaces), contribute to the complex electrical response of the coatings. This integrated study provides insights into the process–microstructure–property relationship with the ultimate goal of tailoring the functionality of spray deposited oxide thick films.
KeywordsTiO2 Thermal Spray Particle Temperature High Velocity Oxygen Fuel Atmospheric Plasma Spray
This research was supported by the National Science Foundation through the GOALI-FRG program supported jointly by the Division of Materials Research and the Division of Materials Processing and Manufacturing under award CMMI 0605704. Prof. Cannillo and the University of Modena Team acknowledge support of MIUR, Italy (Programmi per l’incentivazione del processo di internazionalizzazione del sistema universitario).
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