Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 22, pp 7141–7147 | Cite as

Structure characterization of hydration products generated by alkaline activation of granulated blast furnace slag

  • Yao Jun Zhang
  • Yong Lin Zhao
  • Hai Hong Li
  • De Long Xu


The hydration mechanism and mineral phase structures by waterglass activation of granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) are investigated in detail by means of XRD and FTIR. The results show that the network structures of glassy phases are disintegrated and there is not any new material phase formed in the early stage of hydration processes. With evolution of hydration, the polycondensation reaction takes place between [SiO4]4− and [AlO4]5− species and some new mineral phases are produced. A hydration mechanism for the formation of geopolymer by waterglass activation of GBFS is proposed in detail.


Geopolymer Ordinary Portland Cement Hydration Product Calcium Silicate Hydrate Waterglass 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (SRFDP) (No. 20050698034) and the Project Sponsored by the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry (No. 200555).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yao Jun Zhang
    • 1
  • Yong Lin Zhao
    • 1
  • Hai Hong Li
    • 1
  • De Long Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Material Science and EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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