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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1357–1362 | Cite as

The effect of temperature and humidity on electrospinning

  • S. De VriezeEmail author
  • T. Van Camp
  • A. Nelvig
  • B. Hagström
  • P. Westbroek
  • K. De Clerck
Article

Abstract

Electrospinning is a process that generates nanofibres. Temperature and humidity affect this process. In this article the influence of humidity and temperature on the formation and the properties of nanofibres are studied using cellulose acetate (CA) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as target materials. The experiments indicate that two major parameters are dependent of temperature and have their influence on the average fibre diameter. A first parameter is the solvent evaporation rate that increases with increasing temperature. The second parameter is the viscosity of the polymer solution that decreases with increasing temperature. The trend in variation of the average nanofibre diameter as a function of humidity is different for CA and PVP, which can be explained by variations in chemical and molecular interaction and its influence on the solvent evaporation rate. As the humidity increases, the average fibre diameter of the CA nanofibres increases, whilst for PVP the average diameter decreases. The average diameter of nanofibres made by electrospinning change significantly through variation of temperature and humidity.

Keywords

Cellulose Acetate Fibre Diameter DMAc Salt Bath Vinylpyrrolidone 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. De Vrieze
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. Van Camp
    • 1
  • A. Nelvig
    • 2
  • B. Hagström
    • 2
  • P. Westbroek
    • 1
  • K. De Clerck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of TextilesGhent UniversityTechnologiepark 907GhentBelgium
  2. 2.Swerea IVFMolndalSweden

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