Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1363–1373 | Cite as

Sol–gel synthesis of vanadium pentoxide nanoparticles in air- and water-stable ionic liquids

  • Mohammad Al Zoubi
  • Hala K. Farag
  • Frank EndresEmail author


Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) nanoparticles were synthesized at moderate reaction temperatures by hydrolysis of VO[OCH(CH3)2]3 in two different air- and water-stable ionic liquids with the same anion: 1-butyl-1-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([Py1,4]Tf2N) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([EMIM]Tf2N) via the sol–gel method using acetone and isopropanol either as refluxing solvents or as co-solvents. The cation type of the ionic liquid affects the crystallinity, morphology, and surface area of the produced nanoparticles: [Py1,4]Tf2N gave products with higher crystallinity especially with acetone as a refluxing and co-solvent, while [EMIM]Tf2N gave a clear mesoporous morphology with isopropanol as a refluxing solvent. Ionic liquids affect the key factors (morphology and surface area) that make V2O5 an attractive material as catalyst and/or cathodic material for lithium ion batteries.


Ionic Liquid V2O5 Thermal Gravimetric Analysis Vanadium Pentoxide Trifluoromethylsulfonyl 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Al Zoubi
    • 1
  • Hala K. Farag
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frank Endres
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Particle TechnologyClausthal University of TechnologyClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany
  2. 2.Inorganic Chemistry DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt

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