Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 18, pp 6353–6358 | Cite as

Effects of aerosol heating rate on the properties of aggregates of lead zirconate titanate nanoparticles produced by spray pyrolysis

  • Andrew J. Scott
  • William Nimmo
  • Ryan Scott
  • Andrew P. Brown
  • Steven J. MilneEmail author


The dependence of the shape and size distribution of aggregates of lead zirconate titanate nanoparticles prepared by spray pyrolysis of a sol–gel precursor solution is reported. Decreasing the average heating rate from 300 to 160 °C s−1 in the sub-200 °C section of the reactor decreased the proportion of non-spherical particle aggregates and decreased the maximum size from ~10 to ~5 μm. Microtome sectioning revealed an internal structure composed of <100 nm primary particles. Both solid and hollow particle aggregates were present.


Spray Pyrolysis Secondary Electron Image Hollow Particle Maximum Particle Size Heating Profile 



The authors would like to thank the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Scott
    • 1
  • William Nimmo
    • 2
  • Ryan Scott
    • 1
  • Andrew P. Brown
    • 1
  • Steven J. Milne
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Materials ResearchUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Energy and Resources InstituteUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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