Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 17, pp 5734–5746 | Cite as

Effect of electromagnetic stirring on melt pool free surface dynamics during vacuum arc remelting

  • P. ChapelleEmail author
  • A. Jardy
  • J. P. Bellot
  • M. Minvielle


The deformation of the free surface of the liquid pool in the VAR process may play a key role in explaining the apparition of surface defects on the ingot skin. In the present study, the deformation of the surface induced by electromagnetic stirring is investigated, for a simplified geometry, using CFD-based simulations, combining models for the turbulent fluid flow, heat transfer, free surface movements and electromagnetic forces. Particular attention is given to the implementation of thermal and electrical boundary conditions at the moving free surface. Verification of the developed model is carried out by comparison with the dedicated code SOLAR. The free surface dynamics of a liquid zirconium pool is then quantitatively analysed for different stirring procedures, and the effects of the stirring parameters (magnetic induction, reversal time) are predicted and discussed. The obtained results provide some insights into mechanisms by which surface deformation may influence the ingot skin solidification, leading to poor ingot surface quality.


Free Surface Liquid Metal Lorentz Force Liquid Pool Crucible Wall 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Chapelle
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Jardy
    • 1
  • J. P. Bellot
    • 1
  • M. Minvielle
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Science et Génie des Matériaux et de Métallurgie (UMR CNRS 7584) Ecole des Mines, Parc de SauruptNancy cedexFrance
  2. 2.AREVACentre de Recherches de la Compagnie Européenne du Zirconium CEZUSUgine cedexFrance

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